5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Preventative measures for GITMD
- Name six causitive agent groups
- Diarrhoeal infections normally target and alter the function of
- GITMD disease are commonly transfered via
- Where are the principal sites of infection for GITMD
- a the faecal oral route
- b Yes by employing standard enteric precautions
- c Viruses, Bacteria, Protozoa, Fungi, Helminths, Algae
- d The LGIT : normal function water, electrolyte absorption and excretion of faeces. Hence why if this function is altered water and electrolyes are expelled creating watery faeces. This process leads to dehydration which can be life threatening in chronic cases.
- e small intestine and colon
5 Multiple choice questions
- self resolving in immunocompetant individuals and antibiotics are normally contraindicated
- the condition is chronic, at risk group is involved, the agent is Shigella. note antibiotics generally only work on bacterial conditions and may actually make other conditions worse as they kill of NRF.
- normal functioning of the of GIT
- Microbial type
immuno status of the host
- By targeting the microbial agent and tranmission routes
5 True/False questions
Inflammatory diarrhoea characterised by → Leucocytes in stools
Blood in stools
mucus in stools
severe abdo pain in lower left quadrant (effects colon)
Modes of transmisssion → Macroscopic: this a visual inspection to see consistancy
Microscopic: closer inspection using microscope to detect the presence of blood, mucus or pus that weren't visible to the naked eye. Can tell you whether it was a inflammatory infection or not.
Stool culture: This is where bacteria are grown for identification to distinguish the causitive agent
ASA can be used if anti biotics are to be used.
Protozoans GITMD → Giardia, Cryptosporidium
Viral GITMD common to Australia → Rotavirus, Noravirus
Dysentery → normal functioning of the of GIT