← Lsb 382 GITMD Test
5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Diarrhoeal infections normally target and alter the function of
- Preventative measures for GITMD
- Vomiting is frequently indicated with what type of agent
- Where are the principal sites of infection for GITMD
- a characterised by blood, mucus and pus in stool.
- b The LGIT : normal function water, electrolyte absorption and excretion of faeces. Hence why if this function is altered water and electrolyes are expelled creating watery faeces. This process leads to dehydration which can be life threatening in chronic cases.
- c Yes by employing standard enteric precautions
- d Food toxins: bacteria is coated with toxin and is preformed in the food so doesn't need to replicate in GIT to cause symptoms. Indicated by rapid onset and often multiple cases from people consumiing the same food. (enterotoxins commonly indicated Staph.aureus & Bacillus cereus)
- e small intestine and colon
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Macroscopic: this a visual inspection to see consistancy
Microscopic: closer inspection using microscope to detect the presence of blood, mucus or pus that weren't visible to the naked eye. Can tell you whether it was a inflammatory infection or not.
Stool culture: This is where bacteria are grown for identification to distinguish the causitive agent
ASA can be used if anti biotics are to be used.
- Campylobacter, Salmonella, Escherchia coli, Shigella, Listeria, Yersina, Bacillus, Clostridum, Vibro species
- enterobus, Taenia, Echinococcus, Ascaris, Strongyloides
- Microbial type
immuno status of the host
- Leucocytes in stools
Blood in stools
mucus in stools
severe abdo pain in lower left quadrant (effects colon)
5 True/False Questions
Diarrhoea symptoms can be classed as → self resolving in immunocompetant individuals and antibiotics are normally contraindicated
GITMD effects → normal functioning of the of GIT
Can bacteria penetrate the mucosal epithelium and attack other organs → small intestine and colon
Why would neonates be particularly vulnerable → as they easily succumb to dehydration and have immature immune systems
What are appropriate samples for specimen collection → Faeces and vomitus