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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Things that dictate risk status
  2. Name six causitive agent groups
  3. Protozoans GITMD
  4. Diarrheoa symptoms are usually
  5. What is the principal symptom associated with GITMD
  1. a Viruses, Bacteria, Protozoa, Fungi, Helminths, Algae
  2. b self resolving in immunocompetant individuals and antibiotics are normally contraindicated
  3. c diarrhoea
  4. d Microbial type
    immuno status of the host
  5. e Giardia, Cryptosporidium

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. microbial or non microbial in origin
  2. water and food
  3. normal functioning of the of GIT
  4. Macroscopic: this a visual inspection to see consistancy
    Microscopic: closer inspection using microscope to detect the presence of blood, mucus or pus that weren't visible to the naked eye. Can tell you whether it was a inflammatory infection or not.
    Stool culture: This is where bacteria are grown for identification to distinguish the causitive agent
    ASA can be used if anti biotics are to be used.
  5. no leucocytes in stools
    rarely blood in stools
    raely mucus in stools
    greatly increased watery stools
    no one to slight abdo pain (effects small intestine)
    +/- fever

5 True/False Questions

  1. What are appropriate samples for specimen collectionFaeces and vomitus


  2. Where are the principal sites of infection for GITMDMucous membranes of the LGIT


  3. Helminths (worms) GITMDGiardia, Cryptosporidium


  4. Vomiting is frequently indicated with what type of agentFood toxins: bacteria is coated with toxin and is preformed in the food so doesn't need to replicate in GIT to cause symptoms. Indicated by rapid onset and often multiple cases from people consumiing the same food. (enterotoxins commonly indicated Staph.aureus & Bacillus cereus)


  5. Modes of transmisssionFingers, Food, Flies, Faeces, Fomites and Water


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