Controlled Substances NC BLET
|What are Narcotics?|| -Narcotics act on the central nervous system and produce a sleep like state.|
-They are both physically and psychologically addicting.
-examples are opium, heroin, dilaudid, and demerol
|What are stimulants?|| -Stimulants also affect the CNS|
-They create a feeling of excitement, energy, and alertness
-Stimulants may or may not be both physically and psychologically addictive.
-The most potent stimulant is cocaine
-methamphetamine and amphetamines are also stimulants.
|What is a depressant?|| -Depressants depress the central nervous and psychomotor activity. |
-Alcohol is the most widely used depressant.
-Barbiturates and sedative hypnotics are also examples of depressants.
|What is a hallucinogen?|| -These drugs have the ability to induce intense emotional feeling and cause hallucinations.|
-Examples are LSD, psilocybin mushrooms, mescaline, peyote, and ecstasy
|What is phencyclidine? (PCP)|| -PCP is in its own category|
-Users may display reactions similar to hallucinogens, stimulants, and depressants.
|What is an inhalant?|| There are three groups of inhalants|
-volatile solvents such as gas, paint, and glues
-aerosols are discharged from pressurized containers. Examples are hairsprays, deodorants etc...
-anesthetic gases kill pain and are used medically. Examples are ether, chloroform, and nitrous oxide
|What is cannabis?||-derived from the cannabis plant|
-cannabis sativa and cannabis indica are the two main species
-Delta-9 THC is the active ingredient.
-Marijuana comes from the leaves of the plant and hash is produced by boiling the leaves into a semi solid mass.
-cannabis is one of the most widely used recreational drugs.
|Schedule _______ drugs are the most dangerous and and least dangerous drugs are classified as schedule _________.||Schedule I drugs are the most dangerous and and least dangerous drugs are classified as schedule VI.|
|Schedule I|| 1. high potential for abuse|
2. no medical use
3. lack of safety for use under medical supervision
-heroin, LSD, mephedrone
|Schedule II|| 1. high potential for abuse|
2. restricted medical use
3. severe psychological or physiological dependence
-Cocaine, PCP, Ritalin, Dilaudid, Morphine
|Schedule III|| 1. less abuse potential than schedule II.|
2. current accepted medical value in U.S.
2. moderate or low physiological dependence with high psychological dependence.
-hydrocodone, didrex, benzphetamine
|Schedule IV|| 1. less abuse potential than schedule III.|
2. accepted medical value
3. limited psychological or physiological dependence.
-valium, diazepam,talwin, synthetic cannabinoids,
|Schedule V|| 1. low potential for abuse|
2. current medical value
3. limited dependence
-cough syrup with codine
|Schedule VI|| 1. no medical use|
2. low abuse potential
-MJ and Tetrahydrocannabinol
|Cocaine use indicators||rapid or slow speech, agitation, high pulse, dilated pupils, residue inside nasal passages|
|Amphetamine use indicators||dilated pupils, sweating, nervousness, possibly thin, paranoia, quickened breathing, agreeiveness, irritability, potentially violent|
|Hallucinogen use indicators||intensified mood, sweating, nausea, dazed appearance, disorientated, body tremors, hallucinations, distorted perceptions of time and distance|
|Phencyclidine use indicators||perspiring, warm to touch, blank stare, difficulty in speech, increased pain threshold, confused, agitated, possibly violent, chemical odor on breath,|
|Inhalant use indicators||residue on face, hands, etc... nausea, slurred speech, bloodshot watery eyes, lack of muscle control, flushed face|
|Cannabis use indicators|| redness of eyes, odor of MJ, MJ debris in mouth, |
body and eyelid tremors, relaxed inhibitions, increased appetite
|Narcotic use indicators||pin-point pupils, scratching, loss of appetite, sleepy, flushed complexion, needle marks,|
|Depressant use indicators||slurred/thick speech, drowsiness, confusion, nystagmus|
|MDMA||stimulant and hallucinogen, many forms,|
|Oxycontin||controlled release form of oxycodone that fits the profile of opioids. Oxycontin is an opium derivative. Percodan and percocet.|
|Salvia|| sale punishable by an infraction|
-consumption causes psychoactive effects
|mephedrone||plant food and bath salts used as a recreational drug because of hallucinogenic effects.|
|MDPV||bath salts, serenity, cloud nine|
|What are some reasons why people take drugs?|| -to feel good|
- to feel better
-to do better
-because others are doing it
|(T or F) Research Demonstrates that providing treatment to individuals involved in the criminal justice system decreases future drug use and criminal behavior.||TRUE- Research Demonstrates that providing treatment to individuals involved in the criminal justice system decreases future drug use and criminal behavior.|
|The average meth cooker teacher another _____ people how to cook.||The average meth cooker teacher another 10 people how to cook.|
|Methamphetamine cycle of abuse|| -rush|
|describe extraction labs||opium from the poppy, hash from MJ|
|tableting labs||LSD, MDMA|
|most of the MDMA smuggled into the USA has been produced where....||belgium or the netherlands|
|conversion labs|| raw product to finished drugs|
cocaine to crack
opium to morphine to heroin.
|synthesis labs|| raw materials react to change into new drug|
ephedrine to methampetamine
piperidine to PCP
pcp, lsd, ghb, meth
|mexican national labs||mexican national labs now control the majority of methamphetamine produced in the U.S.|
|mexican super labs|| 10-100lbs a batch|
5% of the labs seized are super labs that supply 80-90% of the meth used in the US.