A-5 Vocab

100 terms by JungHyunPark 

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Conspiracy

n. a secret agreement between two or more people to perform an unlawful act

Cliché

n. a trite or obvious remark

audacious

adj. disposed to venture or take risks

disparage

v. express a negative opinion of

domain

n. territory over which rule or control is exercised, the set of values of the independent variable for which a function is defined

pensive

adj. Engaged in, involving, or reflecting deep or serious thought

dogmatic

adj. asserting opinions in a doctrinaire or arrogant manner; opinionated

instigate

v. serve as the inciting cause of, to provoke or stir up

retort

n. a quick reply to a question or remark (especially a witty or critical one)

impudent

adj. improperly forward or bold, marked by casual disrespect

dissent

n. to differ in sentiment or opinion, especially from the majority; withhold assent; disagree

repulsive

adj. so extremely ugly as to be terrifying

sabotage

v. destroy property or hinder normal operations

upheaval

n. strong or violent change or disturbance, as in a society

vulnerable

adj. susceptible to physical or emotional injury, capable of being hurt

bureaucracy

n. the body of officials and administrators, especially of a government or government department

disdain

n. lack of respect accompanied by a feeling of intense dislike

feign

v. make believe with the intent to deceive

faction

n. a group or clique within a larger group, party, government, organization, or the like

melee

n. a confused hand-to-hand fight or struggle among several people

embargo

n. a government order imposing a trade barrier, v. prevent commerce

propaganda

n. information that is spread for the purpose of promoting some cause

dubious

adj. fraught with uncertainty or doubt

plaintive

adj. expressing sorrow

anarchy

n. a state of lawlessness and disorder (usually resulting from a failure of government)

monarchy

n. an autocracy governed by a monarch who usually inherits the authority

oligarchy

n. a political system governed by a few people

authoritarian

n. a person behaves in an tyrannical manner, adj. characteristic of an absolute ruler or absolute rule

nostalgic

adj. unhappy at being away and longing for familiar things or persons

blunder

n. an embarrassing, dumb, careless mistake, v. to move or act blindly, stupidly, or without direction or steady guidance

recur

v. happen or occur again

scrupulous

adj. characterized by extreme care and great effort, Diligent, thorough, and extremely attentive to details

enigmatic

adj. resembling an oracle in obscurity of thought, not clear to the understanding,
Difficult to interpret or understand; mysterious

finesse

n. subtly skillful handling of a situation

adamant

adj. not capable of being swayed or diverted from a course

gloat

v. Contemplate or dwell on one's own success or another's misfortune with malignant pleasure

omnipotent

adj. having unlimited power

impair

v. make worse or less effective

gluttony

n. habitual eating to excess, eating to excess (personified as one of the deadly sins)

rustic

adj. of, pertaining to, or living in the country, as distinguished from towns or cities; rural, simple, artless, or unsophisticated, uncouth, rude, or boorish

tarnish

v. make dirty or ruin the reputation of

clergy

n. A body of officials who perform religious services, such as priests, ministers or rabbis.

digress

v. wander from a direct or straight course, lose clarity or turn aside especially from the main subject of attention or course of argument in writing, thinking, or speaking

unprecedented

adj. never having happened before, never having done before

herald

n. A person who carries or proclaims important news; a messenger, v. to announce publicly

tantalize

v. harass with persistent criticism or carping

debacle

n. a sound defeat, complete failure, a general breakup or dispersion; sudden downfall or rout

cursory

adj. hasty and without attention to detail

slander

n. an abusive attack on a person's character or good name, v. charge falsely or with malicious intent

dupe

n. a person who is easily deceived or fooled; gull, v. deceive, delude, trick

arduous

adj. difficult and tiring, involving or requiring strenuous effort

bane

n. something causes misery or death, a person or thing that ruins or spoils

acute

adj. extremely sharp or intense, sharp or severe in effect; intense

pandemonium

n. a state of extreme confusion and disorder

cynical

adj. believing the worst of human nature and motives, distrusting or disparaging the motives of others

prevalent

adj. widespread; of wide extent or occurrence; in general use or acceptance

orthodox

adj. adhering to what is commonly accepted

aspire

v. have strong ambitions to be or do something

quirk

n. a strange attitude or habit, sudden twist or turn, a peculiarity of action, behavior, or personality; mannerism

gallivant

v. wander aimlessly in search of pleasure

articulate

v. to pronounce clearly, expressing yourself easily or characterized by clear expressive language

cumbersome

adj. difficult to handle or use especially because of size or weight, burdensome

dalliance

n. the deliberate act of wasting time instead of working, playful behavior intended to arouse sexual interest

medley

n. a musical composition consisting of a series of songs or other musical pieces from various sources

don

v. put clothing on one's body, n. a person of great importance

rapport

n. relation of mutual understanding or trust and agreement between people, especially harmonious or sympathetic relation

augment

v. enlarge or increase

panache

n. a feathered plume on a helmet, a grand or flamboyant manner; verve; style; flair

aesthetic

adj. concerning or characterized by an appreciation of beauty or good taste, n. (philosophy) a philosophical theory as to what is beautiful

mutiny

n. open rebellion against constituted authority (especially by seamen or soldiers against their officers)

wary

adj. marked by keen caution and watchful prudence

scoff

v. treat with contemptuous disregard, to speak derisively; mock; jeer, n. an expression of mockery, derision, doubt, or derisive scorn; jeer

chafe

n. anger produced by some annoying irritation, soreness and warmth caused by friction, v. warm by rubbing, as with the hands, irritate

deference

n. respectful submission or yielding to the judgment, opinion, will, etc., of another, respectful or courteous regard

fanatic

n. a person with extreme interest and enthusiasm

revel

v. to take great pleasure or delight, to make merry; indulge in boisterous festivities

orator

n. a person who delivers a speech or oration

dignitary

n. a person who holds a high rank or office, as in the government or church

coup d'tat

v. a sudden overthrow of the government

contempt

n. the feeling with which a person regards anything considered mean, vile, or worthless; disdain; scorn

heretic

n. A person holding an opinion at odds with what is generally accepted

torrential

adj. with force and in abundance

repose

v. lean in a comfortable resting position, n. temporary rest from activity, excitement, or exertion, esp. sleep or the rest given by sleep

blasé

adj. indifferent, bored as a result of having enjoyed many pleasures; apathetic

gridlock

n. a traffic jam so bad that no movement is possible, puzzle

muster

v. gather or bring together, something like courage

panhandler

n. a beggar who approaches strangers asking for money

scuffle

n. an unceremonious and disorganized struggle, fighting

rubble

n. the remains of something that has been destroyed or broken up

catastrophe

n. an event resulting in great loss and misfortune, natural disaster

congeal

v. become gelatinous, to become more solid

pungent

adj. sharp biting or acrid especially in taste or smell

giddy

adj. having or causing a whirling sensation, dizzy

chide

v. scold or reprimand severely or angrily

folly

n. a stupid mistake, the trait of acting stupidly or rashly

celestial

adj. of heaven or the spirit, relating to or inhabiting a divine heaven

quaint

adj. strange or old in an interesting or pleasing way

gibberish

n. unintelligible talking

exorbitant

adj. greatly exceeding bounds of reason or moderation

invariably

adv. in every case or on every occasion; always

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