subterranean networks of rock-cut galleries and chambers used as cemeteries for the Christian dead
Old Testament figures that are prophetic of Jesus and events in New Testament
originated in Roman architecture and used as a public building for legal and other civic proceedings; was then incorporated in Christian architecture as a church that somewhat resembled the structure of its Roman counterpart. Both are rectangular in shape.
-timber roof ceiling; common material for Early Christian churches
cross shaped structure
central aisle of a Roman or Christian basilica
an alcove, usually semicircular, in the wall of a building, commonly found in a church and frames the altar.
windows that form the nave's uppermost level below the timber ceiling or the vault.
-allow light to pierce through the basilica
-would have illuminated the mosaics and frescoes on the walls
halo around holy figure to signify divinity
concave, triangular sections that provide transition from square area to circular base of dome; essentially, they are support system for the dome -allow for windows at base; -creates impression that dome is suspended, not supported
portrait or image of a sacred figure that serve as objects of worship
destruction of religious or sacred images. Destroyers of image are referred to as iconoclasts.
lovers/supports of religious images
Greek for "she who bore God"; Virgin Mary
Greek for "ruler of all". Image that depicts Christ as ruler and judge of heaven and earth.
Greek for "icon stand"; high screen or wall with tiers of icons.
decorative metalwork technique that uses metal strips that are then filled with semiprecious stones or colored glass. Example: Purse Cover from Sutton Hoo
What is important about the city of Venice?
Hint: it is the link between the Eastern and Western halves of the Roman Empire. Remember, that it was closer to Rome, but had heavy influences from the Byzantine empire because of the city of Ravenna (Ravenna was a territory of Byzantine Empire). Venice is filled with Byzantine art and architecture.
What is the most important Early Byzantine structure?
What ruler is responsible for ending iconoclasm and bringing in the Middle Byzantine period?