!AP Euro Unit 9 F&E IDs

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Britain's 1926 General Strike

A strike lasting 10 days in protest of the government's proposal to lower wages, coal miners were the ones protesting and they felt that their wages and the working conditions were bad enough as was

French Right-Left Divide

Right wing French tended to be more violent and rioted, 2 million supported right wing ideas. The left wing French were more into social reform. The right hated the left.

Popular Front Government

tried so solve labor problems and passed some social legislation, did not satisfy more radical leftists.

Maginot Line

a fortification built before World War II to protect France's eastern border

"A Land Fit for Heroes"

Electoral Campaigns had wanted the economy to thrive in Britain for when the soldiers returned but this did not happen

British National Government

A coalition government in Britain that was made up of Labor, Conservative, and Liberal party members

Pillars of Society

Painting by George Grosz in 1926. Negatively portrayed the pillars of facism-Nazis, the church, the bourgeoisie and the military.

Reichstag

the legislature, Nazis began to gain seats rapidly, giving them legitimacy

Spartacist Revolt

communist uprising in Berlin, most Germans conservative, military put uprising down

Bavarian Socialist Republic

short-lived attempt to establish a socialist state in form of a council republic in the Free State of Bavaria. It sought independence from the also recently proclaimed Weimar Republic

Kapp Putsch

1920 armed conservative insurrection that temporarily caused the German government to flee and resulted in workers' strikes

Beer Hall Putsch

Hitler and a band of followers attempted a putsch from the beer hall in Munich, resulting in Hitler and Ludendorff's arrest, Hitler used his trial to make himself into a national figure, he condemned the republic, the Versailles treaty, the Jews, and the weakened condition of his adoption country

Occupation of the Ruhr

When France occupied the Ruhr and seized control of the factories; occurred after Germany was unable to make reparation payments

Hyperinflation

When the German economy tried to print bills to pay off their debt, inflation rates of 40% a day

Dawes Plan and Young Plan

1924 and 1929 respectively. Both reduced reparations payments. Dawes-Americans loaned money to Germany to pay back the Allies, who then used it to pay back America (circle). Young-set repayment at 58 years (rather than the previous 49).

Adolf Hitler

This dictator was the leader of the Nazi Party. He believed that strong leadership was required to save Germanic society, which was at risk due to Jewish, socialist, democratic, and liberal forces.

SA

storm troopers

Mein Kampf (ideology)

"My Struggle", Hitler's book outlining his key political views (such as Anti-Semitism, opposition to Bolshevism, a conviction that Germany must expand eastward into Poland and Ukraine to achieve greater "living space")

Gustav Streseman

chancellor (August- November 1923), was primarily responsible for reconstructing the republic and giving it a sense of self-confidence, abandoned the policy of passive resistance in the Ruhr, introduced a new German currency (Rentenmark)

Treaty of Locarno

Germany and France both accepted the western frontier established at Paris as legitimate, Britain and Italy agreed to intervene against whichever side violated the frontier or if Germany sent troops into the demilitarized Rhineland, it pleased everyone

Kellogg-Briand Pact

Agreement signed in 1928 in which nations agreed not to pose the threat of war against one another

Nazi Germany

economic distress, fear of communism, appeal to nationalism, anti-semitism, weakness of Weimar government, lack of democratic tradition, and the leadership of Hitler

Hindenburg

a war hero, was elected to be german president when he was 84 and in poor health. the nazis took full advantage of his old age

Reichstag Fire

A Dutch set fire to the Reichstag in 1933, this was used as propaganda that communists were out to attack Germany

Enabling Act

passed in 1933, allowed Hitler to rule by decree (no legal limits)

Gleichschaltung (coordination)

Hitler's technique of using Nazi-controlled associations, clubs, and organizations to coordinate his revolutionary activities.

SS

secret police, conducted surveillance, commanded by Heinrich Himmler

Nuremberg Laws

established legal basis in Nazi Germany for discrimination against Jews.

Women in the Nazi State (KKK)

women were considered to have household and domestic duties, such as breeding strong children for the German nation, battle and childbirth were considered the same, women who has undesirable traits (jews, slavs, gypsies) were not allowed to breed, the number of working women rose

Kristallnacht

the Nazis vandalized businesses owned by Jews

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