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Characterization

The methods a writer uses to communicate information about characters to readers

Climax

The moment when the action comes to its highest point of dramatic conflict.

Conflict

The central source of tension and drama in the story

Dialogue

The actual words that characters speak

Dramatic irony

A technique that increases suspense by letting readers know more about the dramatic situation that the characters know

Exposition

Background material about the characters, setting, and dramatic situation with which the author introduces the essentials of the story to the reader

Falling Action

The part of the story, following the climax and leading to the resolution, in which there is a sharp decline in dramatic tension

foreshadowing

A writing technique that gives readers clues about events that will happen later in the story.

Imagery

The use of selected details to describe one thing in terms of another.

Irony

A particular tone created when the speaker intends a meaning that is opposite to the words he or she says

flashback

a dramatic scene that is presented out of chronological plot sequence

foil

a character that serves as a contrast to another

In media res

A latin term meaning "in the midst of things" that describes a plot that starts at a moment of high action in the middle of the stor and provides the reader with necessary background information later on

plot

the arrangement of story events that defines a novel's structure

subplot

a secondary storyline involving secondary characters that parallels or contrasts with the main plot involving the central characters

point of view

the perspective from which a story is told

resolution

the conclusion of the story

rising action

the part of the story, including exposition, in which the tension rises

setting

the environment in which the story takes place

suspense

techniques used by the author to keep readers interested in the story

symbol

an image, object, character, or action that stands for an idea beyond its literal meaning

theme

the story's main ideas, the message that the author intends to communicate by telling the story

tone

the clues in a story that suggest the writer's own attitude toward the elements of his or her story

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