civics vocabulary 18-20

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15 terms · second set of test material

capital punishment

punishment by death

bail

the legal system that allows an accused person to be temporarily released from custody (usually on condition that a sum of money guarantees their appearance at trial)

miranda rule

the constitutional rights which police must read to a suspect before questioning can occur

double jeopardy

being tried twice for the same crime

indictment

a formal document written for a prosecuting attorney charging a person with some offense

grand jury

a group of citizens that decides whether there is sufficient evidence to accuse someone of a crime

ex post facto law

a law that would allow a person to be punished for an action that was not against the law when it was committed

writ of habeas corpus

a court order that requires police to bring a prisoner to court to explain why they are holding the person

exclusionary rule

improperly gathered evidence may not be introduced in a criminal trial

police power

the authority of each state to act to protect and promote the public health, safety, morals and general welfare of its people

due process

following established legal procedures

sedition

an illegal action inciting resistance to lawful authority and tending to cause the disruption or overthrow of the government

slander

words falsely spoken that damage the reputation of another

libel

the written statement of a plaintiff explaining the cause of action (the defammation) and any relief he seeks

free exercise clause

the First Amendment guarantee that citizens may freely engage in the religious activities of their choice

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