A process of cell division that produces 2 genetically identical daughter cells. (Uses: asexual reproduction, growth, repair)
An alternative version of a gene located on a specific part of chromosome that determines a specific trait that can be passed on from parent to offspring.
A process of cell division that produces 4 genetically different reproductive cells known as gametes. Each gamete contains ½ as much genetic information as the original cell.
The combination of an egg nucleus and a sperm nucleus.
A biomolecule inside the nucleus of cells that carries genetic information
Chromosome pair (Homologous)
Two chromosomes that are similar in shape, size and function. Each chromosome inherited from each parent
The different genetic combinations in a gene pool
Sex cell (Gamete)
A spermatocyte or an oocyte.
A type of chromosome in the genome that determines the sexual characteristics of an organism. Examples: XX in women and XY in men.
A cell or an organism consisting of two sets of chromosomes: usually, one set from the mother and one set from the father.
A cell or an organism having half of the number of chromosomes
A combination of gametes from a male and female parent. The offspring of this type of reproduction are genetically different than the parents.
A type of reproduction involving one parent and leads to offspring that are genetically identical to the parent and to one another.
The regrouping of chromosomes and crossing over of chromosomes during metaphase in meiosis.