Tedders Bio Photosynthesis and Cell Respiration
|Photosynthesis||two-phase reaction (or 2 phase anabolic pathway) in which the Sun's light energy is converted to chemical energy for use by the cell.|
|Adenosine triphosphate (ATP)|| energy-carrying biological molecule, which, when broken down, drives|
|Autotroph||Organism that captures energy from sunlight or inorganic substances to produce its own food.|
|Heterotroph||Organism that cannot make its own food and gets its nutrients and energy requirements by feeding on other organisms.|
|Aerobic respiration||metabolic process in which pyruvate is broken down and electron-carrier molecules are used to produce ATP through electron transport.|
|Anaerobic process||a metabolic process that does not require oxygen.|
|Calvin cycle|| light-independent reactions during phase two of photosynthesis in which|
energy is stored in organic molecules as glucose.
|Cellular respiration|| catabolic pathway in which organic molecules are broken down to release|
energy for use by the cell.
|Fermentation|| process in which NAD+ is regenerated, allowing cells to maintain|
glycolysis in the absence of oxygen.
|Glycolysis|| anaerobic process; first stage of cellular respiration in which glucose is|
broken down into two molecules of pyruvate.
|Granum|| one of the stacks of pigment-containing thylakoids in a plant's|
|Krebs cycle|| series of reactions in which pyruvate is broken down into carbon dioxide|
inside the mitochondria of cells; also called the tricarboxylic acid cycle
and the citric acid cycle.
|NADP+|| in photosynthesis, the major electron carrier involved in electron|
|Stroma|| fluid-filled space outside the grana in which light-dependent reactions|
|Thylakoid|| in chloroplasts, one of the stacked, flattened, pigment-containing|
membranes in which light-dependent reactions occur.