system of managing government through departments run by appointed officials
A formal agreement between the U.S. president and the leaders of other nations that does not require Senate approval.
A formal order issued by the president to direct action by the federal bureaucracy.
The power to keep executive communications confidential, especially if they relate to national security.
Formal accusation against a president or other public official, the first step in removal from office.
The President's refusal to spend money Congress has voted to fund a program.
Line Item Veto
Presidential power to strike, or remove, specific items from a spending bill without vetoing the entire package; declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court.
A system of public employment in which selection and promotion depend on demonstrated performance rather than political patronage.
..., (politics) granting favors or giving contracts or making appointments to office in return for political support