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ccrp

Name the prime movers for hip flexion

- iliopsoas
- rectus femoris

Name the prime movers for hip extension

superficial, deep, and middle gluteals

Name the prime movers for hip abduction

middle gluteals

Name the prime movers for hip adduction

- adductor magnus et brevis
- pectineus

Name the prime movers for hip lateral rotation

- internal and external obturator
- gemelli

Name the prime movers for hip medial rotation

- deep gluteal
- semitendinosus

Name the prime movers for stifle extension

quadriceps femoris
(rectus femoris, vastus lateralis, vastus medialis, vastus intermedius)

Name the prime movers for stifle flexion

- biceps femoris
- semitendinosis
- semimembranosis
- gastrocnemius

Name the prime movers for talocurual flexion

- cranial tibial
- long digital extensor

Name the prime movers for talocurual extension

- gastrocnemius
- superficial digital flexor
- deep digital extensor

Name the prime movers for hindlimb digital flexion

- superficial digital flexor
- deep digital flexor

Name the prime movers for hindlimb digit extension

long digital extensor

Name the prime movers for cervical spinal flexion of C1-C2

- longus capitis
- longus colli

Name the prime movers for cervical spine flexion caudal to C2

- sternomastoideus
- longus capitis
- longus colli

Name the prime movers for cervical spine extension

splenius

Name the prime movers for cervical spine side bend

scalenus

Name the prime movers for rotation of the cervical spine

- splenius
- sternomastoideus

Name the prime movers for flexion of the trunk (thoracic and lumbar spine)

rectus abdominis

Name the prime movers for extension of the trunk (thoracic and lumbar spine)

sacrospinalis or erector spinae muscles

Name the prime movers for rotation of the trunk (thoracic and lumbar spine)

longissimus and pars costalis of the external abdominal oblique

Name the prime movers for shoulder flexion

- long head of triceps brachii
- teres major
- teres minor
- infraspinatus

Name the prime movers for shoulder extension

- biceps bracii
- supraspinatus

Name the prime movers for elbow flexion

- biceps bracii
- brachialis

Name the prime movers for elbow extension

triceps brachii (all four heads)

Name the prime movers for carpal flexion

- deep digital flexor
- superficial digital flexor
- flexor carpi ulnaris

Name the prime movers for carpal extension

- extensor carpi radialis
- common digital extensor
- lateral digital extensor

Name the prime movers for forelimb digit flexion

- superficial digital flexor
- deep digital flexor

Name the prime movers for forelimb digit extension

- common digital extensor
- lateral digital extensor

Name the thoracic limb extrinsic muscles

- superficial pectoral
- deep pectoral
- brachiocephalicus
- omotransversarius
- trapezius
- rhomboideus
- latissimus dorsi
- serratus ventralis

Name the pelvic limb extrinsic muscles

Major extrinsic muscle is

- psoas major, which joins the iliacus m. to form the iliopsoas m.

Other "extrinsic" limb muscles are either small (superficial gluteal m.) or they attach to the os coxae which is immobile (psoas minor m. & coccygeus, m.)

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