the period of European history at the close of the Middle Ages and the rise of the modern world
Italian, literally "four hundred"; it refers to the 1400s— the fifteenth century, especially in reference to Italian art of this time (the late Middle Ages and Early Renaissance).
Different sections of land owned by the same country but ruled by different rulers
not acknowledging the God of Christianity and Judaism and Islam
The Medici Family
Bankers to the Pope. Controlled Florence. Great Patrons (supporters) of the Arts and Sciences. Paid for many great works of art.
Leonardo da Vinci
Italian Renaissance artist that painted The Last Supper and Mona Lisa, he was also an engineer, architect, sculptor, and scientist.
(1475-1564) Worked in Rome. Painted the Sistine Chapel for Pope Julius II. Sculpted the statue of David.
wrote sonnets in Italian, other works in Latin, and used writing to consider the ebb and flow of his life and the human condition itself (humanism)
(1313-1375) Wrote the Decameron which tells about ambitious merchants, portrays a sensual, and worldly society.
Auther of the Book of the Courtier, the first book on edict for Nobles
Italian Renaissance writer, described government in the way it actually worked (ruthless). He wrote The Prince (the end justifies the mean).
Dutch humanist and theologian who was the leading Renaissance scholar of northern Europe although his criticisms of the Church led to the Reformation, he opposed violence and condemned Martin Luther. he wrote The Praise of Folly, worked for Frobein and translated the New Testament from Greek to Latin(1466-1536)
He was a English humanist that contributed to the world today by revealing the complexities of man. He wrote Utopia, a book that represented a revolutionary view of society. (p.437)
Man who created the printing press and changed the production and reading of books
Famous Northern Renaissance artist, he often used woodcutting along with Italian Renaissance techniques like proportion, perspective and modeling. (Knight Death, and Devil; Four Apostles)
When Queen Elizabeth I ruled for 50 years. During this time she supported the arts, increased the treasury, supported the exploration of the New World, built up the military, and established the Church of England as the main religion in England.
She, like Petrarch, was an Italian humanist. The majority of her writing occurred in letters, in which she defended feminism and women's rights to education. She published her own work, only to find heavy criticism from both men and women; she never published anything again.
a doctrine that rejects religion and religious considerations
a philosophy in which interests and values of human beings are of primary importance
giving priority to one's own goals over group goals and defining one's identity in terms of personal attributes rather than group identifications.