Basic unit of a protein molecule; there are 20 different types of these used in proteins, each having a specific set of shape, electrical charge, & water or fat affinity characteristics.
Drug that prevents the body from rejecting foreign solid organ transplants.
Antibody-producing lymphocyte involved in humoral (bodily fluid) immunity.
Drugs that alter the expression & response to surface antigens & enhance immune cell activities in ways that promote destruction of human malignancies.
Application of biologicy systems & organisms for agricultural, industrial, or medical purposes.
Cellular (Cell-Mediated) Immunity
Specific response to antigens that is mediated primarily by T lymphocytes & macrophages.
Reproducing identical copies of a gene by DNA technology.
Colony-Stimulating Factor (CSF)
Chemical that stimulates the bone marrow to produce blood cells.
Lipoproteins & globulins in blood plasma that react w/ the antigen antibody complex.
Of a nucleic acid strand, having each nucleotide base paired up w/ its counterpart in the other strand.
Drug administered to reduce the side effects & toxicity of chemotherapy agents.
Changed in nature or natural quality; the disruption of natural structure.
Cancerous growth that is widely sistributed & is not localized.
Order of nucleotide bases in the DNA molecule; a group of 3 nucleotides translates into 1 amino acid.
Escape of IV fluids into the surrounding tissue.
Granulocyte Colony-Stimulating Factor (G-CSF)
Drug that stimulates the bone marrow to produce specific white blood cells, such as granulocytes.
Replacement plasma protein that is necessary for blood coagulation & is not produced in a person w/ hemophilia.
Immune response in which secreted antibodies are transported by bodily fluids.
Immune system's way of providing resistance to disease & malignancy thru the production of antibodies & phagocytes.
Protein that responds to a specific antigen.
Netowrk of vessels that carry lymph, the lymph nodes, & the lymphoid organs, including the tonsils, spleen, & thymus; a system for filtering bodily fluids by nodes, vessels, & lymphocytes before the fluids return to general circulation.
Monoclonal Antibody (MAb)
Antibody produced in a laboratory by a culture derived from a single B cell.
Large white blood cell that engulfs antigens, toxins, & cellular debris, & digests it & displays peptides complexed w/ MHc for recognition by T cells.
Disorder that occurs when normal cellular control mechanisms become altered; characterized by uncontrolled cellular growth & the development of abnormal cells.
Basic unit of a DNA molecule, containing 1 of 4 possible bases.
Labeling antigen material so that it is more redily identified & destroyed by macrophages.
Tissue injury to the oral cavity associated w/ chemotherapy & radiation.
B cell that produces freely circulating antibodies in very large quantities.
Small circular ring of DNA that can insert itself into bacterial genes & can carry genes from 1 bacterial cell to another.
Original site where a cancerous tumor develops.
Part of plasmid DNA where protein production starts.
Artificial DNA produced in a laboratory by inserting strands of DNA from 1 organism into that of another organism.
Condition in which a tumor is inactive w/ no cell division or growth; typically a goal of chemotherapy.
Process of copying the DNA of a cell into a new set of DNA melecules to produce a new cell.
Lack of responsiveness of cancer cells to chemotherapy.
New cancerous tumor site to which malignant cells have spread form the original site.
T & B memory cells, which carry & presere info for the recognition of specific antigens.
Tumor that forms a solid mass & can be examined by touching.
Lymphocyte that responds to antigens presented on the srface of other cells; involved in cellular immunity.
Portion of plasmid DNA where protein production stops.
Copying of info from a DNA strand onto an RNA strand, when then serves as a messenger to the molecular systems that use it to assemble a protein.