Refers to where it was thought that Korea should have been split. Is now where the DMZ is located.
Was the field marshal of the Philippine Army. Also created Japan's new constitution which was named the MacArthur constitution while he was occupying Japan after WWII.
The first Prez. of South Korea. He lasted from 1948-1960.
Kim Il Sung
Dictated North Korea from 1948-1994, when he died. He established a huge cult of personality and was succeed by his son Kim Jong-il when he died.
Mao Zedong. Founder of the People's Republic of China. He led the CCP to victory over the KMT in the Chinese Civil War
Chinese Civil War
Fought between the Kuomintang and the CCP (Chinese Communist Party. Caused by the greed for power between both of these parties when the Qing Dynasty ended.
Great Leap Forward
Mao Zedong's attempt to jump start China's economy so that it could compete with America's. However, this led to starvation and angry people because the government started to ask for things to be done too quickly for it to be a rational thing to do.
Mao's attempt to win back the Chinese people by purging the people who criticized what he did wrong. Works until it gets out of hand and people begin to become too extreme and kick out everything foreign from China.
the "Four Olds"
Old ideas, cultures, habits, and customs. These were one of the things that were taken away during the Cultural Revolution.
Mao's Little Red Book
A book of Mao's quotes. Almost everyone had one or was seen with one.
One of the leaders of the CCP. Was the Secretary General in 1954 but he was purged by Mao because he objected to the Great Leap Forward.
Period of time where China felt like they needed to strengthen themselves in four main areas., These included agriculture, national defense, industry and science and technology.
Tiananmen Square Massacre
This is where the picture of the guy standing on front of the tank comes from. Was caused by large student protests about the Chinese Government.
A relaxation of tensions. IN the cold war, this happened when the US and USSR agreed to stop making more weapons
Once one nation fell to communism, the neighbors would too. because of this, US tried to stop this. This led to the creation of the containment policy.
Attempt at solving the Palestine problem. Proposed that everyone would pull out of Palestine and acknowledge the new states that were created.
Line where North Vietnam and South Vietnam would be separated. Didn't work coz Vietnam was unified
Ho Chi Minh
Marxist Revolutionist that became the leader of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam. Also founded the Viet-Minh and Vietcong
Family of dictators in Nicaragua that lasted from 1936-1979. Most important reason for the fall of their regime was the corruption within their governments
Helped revolt against and end the Somoza regime.
Group of people that are actually against the Sandinistas. Also had some big human rights violations.
US political scandal in which Prez. Reagan secretly sold weapons to Iran. Hoped that this would make it easier to free people in Nicaragua and help financially aid the Contras.
Military Governor of Panama from 1983-1989. In the Invasion of Panama, he was removed from power and then tried for many illegal crimes.
Gamal Abdel Nasser
President of Egypt from 1956-1970. Responsible for taking over the Suez Canal and may have worsened problems in the Middle East by trying to unify the Middle East when they didn't want to until the Palestine issue was solved.
A movement to unify Arab nations. See above for one of the big exponents to this movement.
Suez Crisis of 1956
Egypt takes over the Suez Canal. Britain and France fear that this will mess with the "natural order of things" (Trade) and strike back. US and USSR become frenemies to stop Brits and French because they want the Middle East to be free of Europe so that they can have it for themselves.
Partition of India
India splits into India and Pakistan.
First Prime Minister of India after it was partitioned. Wanted neutral nations to still take part in international politics.
One of the first people to take power in the Congo after King Leopold is kicked out. Eventually became disliked by the US because he asked for help from the Soviets.
segregation of whites. Happened in Africa after Europe pulled out.
Similar to Pan arabism. Unity of Africa
Prime Minister of Iran from 1951-1953. CIA Operation AJAX led to his short term due to a coup d'etat.
Reza Shah Pahlavi
Shah of Iran from 1925-1941. Tried to modernize Iran too quickly, but he was mostly trying to fix and reform Iran.
Led to the end of Iranian monarchy. Left a lot of the world confused because they didn't understand why tehy wanted reform/revolt.
Supreme Leader of Iran from 1979-1989. Also led the Iranian Revolution
Describes the chaos and disorder after the Qing dynasty fell.
Period where no one is in power, but no one steps up to take it. Almost like what happens in Africa, except no one knew how to lead their nation
Muslim militia has power in Afghanistan. Happened because of a power vacuum.
led the PLO. Also created the al-Fatah, which is similar to PLO except that it used terror as an instrument to meet their goal.
Agreed to the Camp-David Accords. This led to Egypt being kicked out of the Arableague and him getting killed.
Came about because of frustration from al-Fatah attacks. led to 164 dead Israelis and 1100 dead palestinians
1973 Yom Kippur War
Egypt attacked Israel in hopes of regaining the land that they lost to Israel. The US helped Israel, and when USSR said it might join the opposite side, a ceasefire was agreed upon.
European Economic Community (EEC)
Organization trying to join different economies of different European nations.
Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO)
Another military alliance against communism. This one is setup in southern Asia to keep out any more gains from communist countries.
Central Treaty Organization (CENTO)
military alliance against communism. also known as the Baghdad pact. Didn't work as well as the other treaties.
Organization of Petroleum Exporting countries. This group creates set prices on oil to sell to other countries.
Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO)
Organization of American States (OAS)
organization made to work with the UN. Basically promotes keeping fairness and justice in the nations that agree to it