AP Gov: Constitution & Federalism

Created by npugh1694 

Upgrade to
remove ads

A fundamental democratic principle requiring that the majority's view be respected. Nonetheless, the Constitution originally contained a number of provisions designed to limit majority rule, including the electoral college, life tenure for Supreme Court justices, and the selection of senators by state legislators

Majority Rule

System in which each branch of government can limit the power of the other two branches. For example, the Senate has the power to approve or reject presidential appointments to the Supreme Court

Checks and Balances

system of government in which all power is invested in a central government

Unitary System

a system of government in which power is divided by a written constitution between a central government and regional governments. As a result, two or more levels of government have formal authority over the same geographic area and people

Federalism

Powers specifically granted to the federal government by the Constitution. For example, the Constitution gives Congress the power to coin money, impose taxes, and regulate commerce. Also called enumerated powers.

Expressed Powers

Powers of the federal government that go beyond those enumerated in the Constitution. Derived from the elastic or necessary and proper clause

Implied Powers

Powers not specifically granted to the national government or denied to the states. Are held by the states through the Tenth Amendment

Reserved Powers

situations in which the national and state governments work together to complete projects. Also called fiscal federalism.

Cooperative Federalism

Funds provided for a specific and clearly defined purpose

Categorical Grant

Funds granted to states for a broadly defined purpose. Because these shift resources from the federal government to the states, they contribute to the growing number of state and local government employees

Block Grant

Rules telling states what they must do to comply with federal guidelines. Unfunded _____ require state and local governments to provide services or comply with regulations without the provision of funds

Mandates

A movement to transfer the responsibilities of governing from the federal government to state and local governments

Devolution

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set