a logical attempt to explain the locational pattern of an economic activity and the manner in which its producing areas are interrelated.
costs that change directly with the amount of production
friction of distance
the increase in time and cost that usually comes with increasing distance
least cost theory
model developed by Alfred Weber according to which the location of manufacturing establushments is determined by the minimization of three critical expenses: labor, transportation, and agglomeration
process involving the clustering or concentrating of people or activities
process of industrial deconcentration in response to technological advances and/or increasing costs due to congrestion and competition
theory developed by economist Harold Hotelling that suggests competitors, in trying to maximize sales, will seek to constrain each others territory as much as possible which will therefore lead them to locate adjacent to one another in the middle of their collective customer base.
primary industrial regions
Western/Central Europe, Eastern North America, Russia, and Ukraine, and Eastern Asia, each of which consists of one or more core areas of industrial development with subsidiary clusters
break of bulk point
a location along a transport route where goods must be transferred from one carrier to another
a highly organized and specialized sustem for organizing industrial production and labor by henry ford
global division of labor
phenomenon whereby corporations and others can draw from labor markets around the world, made possible by the compression of time and space through innovation in communication and transportation systems
places where two or more modes of transportation meet
process by which companies move industrial jobs to other regions with cheaper labor, leaving the newly deindustrialized region to switch to a service economy and to work through a period of high unemployment
centers or nodes of high-technology research and activity around which a high-techonology is sometimes established.