If you have 2 cows, give one to your neighbor.
If you have 2 cows, give them to the government. The government gives you some milk.
If you have 2 cows, you keep them both but give the milk to the government. Then the government sells the milk to you at a high price.
If you have 2 cows, the government shoots you and keeps the cows.
If you have 2 cows, you sell one and buy a bull; you then sell all the excess milk to the government who in turn ships it to fascist and communist governments.
New Dealism (FDR)
If you have 2 cows, you shoot one, milk the other one; then pour the milk down the drain.
If you have 2 cows, your neighbor on your left takes one cow, and the one on the right takes the other; while your backyard neighbor takes the milk, the bucket and the stool.
If you have 2 cows, Mother Nature zaps the cows, turning their udders into eternal milk-shake dispensers.
You have two cows. The government takes them and puts them in a barn with everyone else's cows. You have to take care of all the cows.The government gives you as much milk as you need.
You have two cows. The government takes them and puts them in a barn with everyone else's cows. They are cared for by ex-chicken farmers. You have to take care of the chickens the government took from the chicken farmers. The government gives you as much milk and eggs as the regulations say you should need.
You have two cows. Your neighbors help you take care of them, and you all share the milk.
You have two cows. You have to take care of them, but the government takes all the milk.
You have two cows. The government takes both and drafts you.
You have two cows. Your neighbors decide who gets the milk.
You have two cows. Your neighbors pick someone to tell you who gets the milk.
You have two cows. At first the government regulates what you can feed them and when you can milk them. Then it pays you not to milk them. Then it takes both, shoots one, milks the other and pours the milk down the drain. Then it requires you to fill out forms accounting for the missing cows.
You have two cows. Either you sell the milk at a fair price or your neighbors try to take the cows and kill you.
You have two giraffes. The government requires you to take harmonica lessons.
You have two cows. You keep them both, force them to produce the milk of four cows, then act surprised when they drop dead.
You have two cows. The government takes both and shoots you.
application of ideas about evolution and "survival of the fittest" to human societies; based off of Darwin's theory of evolution; justification for imperialist expansion.
1850-1864; China's civil war, leader Hong Xiuquan believed he was Jesus' younger brother and influenced by European missionaries, people followed in discontent with their government; set out to establish peace through radical equality of women and men and industrialization
war between Great Britain and China; began as a conflict over the opium trade; ended with the Chinese treaty to the British; opened up 5 Chinese ports to foreign merchants; grant of other commercial and diplomatic privileges
treaty that favors one country over the another; Treaty of Nanjing; trade treaties that China signed under pressure of invasion; gave Western powers trade benefits
late 19th century movement in China; counter the challenge from the West; led by provincial leaders, modernized their army; encouraged Western investment in factories and railways
an antiwestern uprising; Boxers lay seige to the foreign quarters in Pekking; murdered foreigners and Christian Chinese; Cixi sided with the Boxers and declaired war on the eight nations that oposed it; eight nations put down the uprising
collapse of China's imperial order; officially at the hands of organized revolutionaries; for the most part under the weight of the troubles that had overwhelmed the government for the previous half-century; imperial rulers v. modernizers; Confucianism; traditional authoritarian institutions
"the sick man of Europe"
commonly attributed to Tsar Nicholas I of Russia; referring to the Ottoman Empire; it was increasingly falling under the financial control of the European powers; had lost territory in a series of disastrous wars
reforms by the nineteenth-century Ottoman rulers; intended to move civil law away from the control of religious elites; make the military and the bureacracy more efficient
Movement of young intellectuals; institute liberal reforms; build a feeling of national identity in the Ottoman Empire; late 19th century.
Sultan Abd al-Hamid II
ottoman sultan; accepted the reform constitution; quickly surpressed it; ruling as a reactionary autocrat for the rest of his reign;
group of revolutionary and nationalistic Turks; revolted against Ottoman empire in 1908; attempted to make reforms; sided with the central powers in WWI; progressive, modernist and opposed to the status quo; built a rich tradition of dissent that shaped the intellectual, political and artistic life of the late Ottoman period; transcended through the decline of the Ottoman Empire and into the new Turkish state.
commonly used to describe areas such as Latin America and China; dominated by Western powers in the nineteenth century; retained their own governments and a measure of independence.
shoguns retained power trough a hostage system; the spouses and children of important families were kept at the capital; society was organized into four social classes; time known as great peace; introduced Japan's policy of isolationism; expelled all Christian missionaries; got rid of all European merchants, except a small group of Dutch
political program that followed the destruction of the Tokugawa Shogunate; 1868; collection of young leaders set Japan on the path of centralization, industrialization, and imperialism; propelled Japan into modernization
Russo-Japanese War, 1904-1905
war fueled mainly by Japanese imperialism and want for Asian mainland colonies and resourced; propagated also by Russian imperialism; ended up as a crushing defeat for Russia; became a very unpopular political blunder; fueled the Russian Revolution of 1905; ended with the Treaty of Portsmouth