5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Hammer v. Dagenhart (1918)
- Munn v. Illinois (1877)
- Plessy v. Ferguson 1896
- Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge (1837)
- Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (1954)
- a The Supreme Court declared the Keating-Owen Child Labor
Law unconstitutional. Keating-Owen had prohibited the shipment in interstate commerce of products made with child labor.
- b Unanimous decision declaring "separate but equal" unconstitutional
- c A United States Supreme Court case dealing with corporate rates and agriculture. allowed states to regulate certain businesses within their borders, including railroads
- d The interests of the community are more important than the interests of business; the supremacy of society's interest over private interest
- e Legalized segregation in publicly owned facilities on the basis of "separate but equal"
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- The Court ruled that states cannot tax the federal government, i.e. the Bank of the U.S.; the phrase "the power to tax is the power to destroy"; confirmed the constitutionality of the Bank of the U.S.
- Supreme court ruling that upheld a ten-hour work day law for women largely on the basis of sociological data regarding the effects of long hours on the health and morals of women.
- Legalized segregation with regard to private property, 1883. Cases invalidated Civil Rights acts of 1875
- Established tribal autonomy within their boundaries, i.e. the tribes were "distinct political communities, having territorial boundaries within which their authority is exclusive" the laws of georgia can have no force
- dealt with the 1919 Child Labor Tax Law which gave congress the right to tax 10% of the value of companies employing children under the age of 14; the USSC found that the law violated the tenth amendment and took away a power reserved to the states
5 True/False Questions
New York Times v U.S (1971) → This U.S. Supreme Court decision upheld the constitutionality of the Sedition Act (1918) which made it a crime to speak disloyally of the U.S. government or interfere with the war effort. Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. dissented in the decision, holding that the Sedition Act was a violation of freedom of speech guaranteed under the First Amendment to the Constitution.
Korematsu v. U.S (1944) → The court upheld the constitutionality of detention camps for Japanese-Americans during World War II, 1941
U.S. v. Richard Nixon (1974) → The court legalized abortion by ruling that state laws could not restrict it during the first three months of pregnancy. Based on the 4th Amendment rights of a person to be secure in their persons. 1973
Fletcher v. Peck (1810) → Sometimes called "the sick chicken case." or Schecter poultry case Unanimously declared the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) unconstitutional on three grounds : the act delegated legislative power to the executive, there was a lack of constitutional authority for such legislation; and it sought to regulate businesses that were wholly intrastate in character, 1936
Schecter v. U.S. (1935) → Unanimously upheld the Espionage Act of 1917 which decalred that people who interfered with the war effort were subject to imprisonment; decalred that the 1rst Amendment right to freedom of speech was no absolute; free speech could be limited if its exercise presented a "clear and present danger"