5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Worchester v. Georgia (1832)
- Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (1954)
- Hammer v. Dagenhart (1918)
- Munn v. Illinois (1877)
- Schecter v. U.S. (1935)
- a Unanimous decision declaring "separate but equal" unconstitutional
- b Sometimes called "the sick chicken case." or Schecter poultry case Unanimously declared the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) unconstitutional on three grounds : the act delegated legislative power to the executive, there was a lack of constitutional authority for such legislation; and it sought to regulate businesses that were wholly intrastate in character, 1936
- c The Supreme Court declared the Keating-Owen Child Labor
Law unconstitutional. Keating-Owen had prohibited the shipment in interstate commerce of products made with child labor.
- d A United States Supreme Court case dealing with corporate rates and agriculture. allowed states to regulate certain businesses within their borders, including railroads
- e Established tribal autonomy within their boundaries, i.e. the tribes were "distinct political communities, having territorial boundaries within which their authority is exclusive" the laws of georgia can have no force
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Ruled that a civilian cannot be tried in military courts while civil courts are available, 1866
- In deciding this case, the U.S. Supreme Court officially applied the "separate but equal doctrine" to public schools. As a result of this decision and Plessy v. Ferguson, segregation laws known as Jim Crow laws, piled up throughout the South.
- The court upheld the constitutionality of detention camps for Japanese-Americans during World War II, 1941
- Declared the income tax under the Wilson-Gorman Tariff to be unconstitutional because it violated the constitutional probision that direct taxes be based solely on the size of the population. In 1913 Amendment 16, income tax amendment was ratified. gave congress the right to tax income without regard to pop. size
- The U.S. President Richard Nixon had claimed executive authority to force the Times to suspend publication of classified information in its possession. The question before the court was whether the constitutional freedom of the press under the First Amendment was subordinate to a claimed Executive need to maintain the secrecy of information. The Supreme Court ruled that First Amendment did protect the New York Times' right to print said materials.
5 True/False Questions
Youngstown Sheet and Tube Co. v. Sawyer (1952) → .Re-established the authority of the federal government to fight monopolies under the Sherman Anti-Trust Act, northern securities corporation by jp morgan
Bakke v. University of California (1978) → The court rejected Richard Nixon's claim to an abolutely unqualified privilege against any judicial process
Fletcher v. Peck (1810) → The decision stems from the Yazoo land cases, 1803, and upholds the sanctity of contracts. first time supreme court assumed right to declare a state law unconstitutional
U.S. v. E.C. Knight Co. (1895) → The court rejected Richard Nixon's claim to an abolutely unqualified privilege against any judicial process
Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) → tHE suprem court upheld a law regulating the working hours of miners because their work was so dangerous that overly long hours would increase the threat of injury.