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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. Miranda v. Arizona (1966)
  2. Worchester v. Georgia (1832)
  3. Wabash RR v Illinois (1886)
  4. Dartmouth College v. Woodward (1819)
  5. Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)
  1. a Speaking for a widely divided court, Chief Justice Taney ruled that Dredd Scott was not a citizen and had no standing in court; Scott's residence in a free state and territory had not made him free since he returned to Missouri; Congress had no power to prohibit slavery in a territory (based on the 5th Amendment right of a person to be secure from seizure of property), thus voiding the Missouri Compromise of 1820
  2. b Established tribal autonomy within their boundaries, i.e. the tribes were "distinct political communities, having territorial boundaries within which their authority is exclusive" the laws of georgia can have no force
  3. c The court ruled that those subject to in-custody interrogation be advised of their constitutional right to an attorney and their right to remain silent, 1966
  4. d National power. Federalism. The Supreme Court forbade any state to set rates, even within its own borders, on railroad traffic entering from or bound for another state. This paved the way for the creation of the Interstate Commerce Commission in 1887.
  5. e New Hampshire had attempted to take over Dartmouth College by revising its colonial charter. The Court ruled that the charter was protected under the contract clause of the U.S. Constitution; upholds the sanctity of contracts

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Ruled that a civilian cannot be tried in military courts while civil courts are available, 1866
  2. The court rejected Richard Nixon's claim to an abolutely unqualified privilege against any judicial process
  3. ruled an indian tribe was neither a foreign nation nor a state and therefore had no standing in federal courts. But indians still had unquestioned right to their land
  4. The decision stems from the Yazoo land cases, 1803, and upholds the sanctity of contracts. first time supreme court assumed right to declare a state law unconstitutional
  5. The Court ruled that states cannot tax the federal government, i.e. the Bank of the U.S.; the phrase "the power to tax is the power to destroy"; confirmed the constitutionality of the Bank of the U.S.

5 True/False questions

  1. Bakke v. University of California (1978)The court rejected Richard Nixon's claim to an abolutely unqualified privilege against any judicial process

          

  2. Dennis et al. V. U.S. (1951)The Smith Act passed in 1940 made it a crime to teach or advocate the overthrow of the U.S. government by force or violence. It also required the fingerprinting and registration of all aliens. In 1947 eleven American Communist Party members were successfully prosecuted and jailed under this act. In Dennis et al. V. U.S. the Supreme Court upheld the
    constitutionality of the Smith Act.

          

  3. In Re Debs (1895)The court legalized abortion by ruling that state laws could not restrict it during the first three months of pregnancy. Based on the 4th Amendment rights of a person to be secure in their persons. 1973

          

  4. Bailey v Drexel Furniture Co (1922)dealt with the 1919 Child Labor Tax Law which gave congress the right to tax 10% of the value of companies employing children under the age of 14; the USSC found that the law violated the tenth amendment and took away a power reserved to the states

          

  5. Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge (1837)The interests of the community are more important than the interests of business; the supremacy of society's interest over private interest

          

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