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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Korematsu v. U.S (1944)
  2. U.S. v. E.C. Knight Co. (1895)
  3. Gideon v. Wainwright (1963)
  4. Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1832)
  5. Dennis et al. V. U.S. (1951)
  1. a ruled an indian tribe was neither a foreign nation nor a state and therefore had no standing in federal courts. But indians still had unquestioned right to their land
  2. b The Smith Act passed in 1940 made it a crime to teach or advocate the overthrow of the U.S. government by force or violence. It also required the fingerprinting and registration of all aliens. In 1947 eleven American Communist Party members were successfully prosecuted and jailed under this act. In Dennis et al. V. U.S. the Supreme Court upheld the
    constitutionality of the Smith Act.
  3. c Extends to the defendant the right of counsel (lawyer) in STATE AS WELL AS FEDERAL CRIMINAL TRIALS regardless of their ability to pay. major broadening of the us bill of rights
  4. d The court upheld the constitutionality of detention camps for Japanese-Americans during World War II, 1941
  5. e Due to a narrow interpretation of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act,the Court undermined the authority of the federal government to act against monopolies, 1895American sugar refining company

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. This U.S. Supreme Court decision upheld the constitutionality of the Sedition Act (1918) which made it a crime to speak disloyally of the U.S. government or interfere with the war effort. Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. dissented in the decision, holding that the Sedition Act was a violation of freedom of speech guaranteed under the First Amendment to the Constitution.
  2. The court rejected Richard Nixon's claim to an abolutely unqualified privilege against any judicial process
  3. Declared the income tax under the Wilson-Gorman Tariff to be unconstitutional because it violated the constitutional probision that direct taxes be based solely on the size of the population. In 1913 Amendment 16, income tax amendment was ratified. gave congress the right to tax income without regard to pop. size
  4. A New York State law fixing maximum working hours for bakers was declared unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court. The court held the law exceeded the police powers of the state and interfered with the individual's right to freedom of contract under Amendment 14.
  5. Supreme court ruling that upheld a ten-hour work day law for women largely on the basis of sociological data regarding the effects of long hours on the health and morals of women.

5 True/False Questions

  1. Miranda v. Arizona (1966)Supreme court ruling that upheld a ten-hour work day law for women largely on the basis of sociological data regarding the effects of long hours on the health and morals of women.

          

  2. Schenck v. U.S. (1919)Unanimously upheld the Espionage Act of 1917 which decalred that people who interfered with the war effort were subject to imprisonment; decalred that the 1rst Amendment right to freedom of speech was no absolute; free speech could be limited if its exercise presented a "clear and present danger"

          

  3. McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)Supreme court ruling that upheld a ten-hour work day law for women largely on the basis of sociological data regarding the effects of long hours on the health and morals of women.

          

  4. Marbury v. Madison (1803)Supreme court ruling that upheld a ten-hour work day law for women largely on the basis of sociological data regarding the effects of long hours on the health and morals of women.

          

  5. In Re Debs (1895)The court legalized abortion by ruling that state laws could not restrict it during the first three months of pregnancy. Based on the 4th Amendment rights of a person to be secure in their persons. 1973

          

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