5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- Plessy v. Ferguson 1896
- Ex parte Milligan (1866)
- In Re Debs (1895)
- Schenck v. U.S. (1919)
- Roe v. Wade (1973)
- a denied a writ of habeas corpus to Eugene Debs, after he was cited for contempt for violating an injunction against the Pullman strike. Strike interfered with the federal responsibility to transport the mails and its authority over interstate commerce
- b Unanimously upheld the Espionage Act of 1917 which decalred that people who interfered with the war effort were subject to imprisonment; decalred that the 1rst Amendment right to freedom of speech was no absolute; free speech could be limited if its exercise presented a "clear and present danger"
- c Legalized segregation in publicly owned facilities on the basis of "separate but equal"
- d Ruled that a civilian cannot be tried in military courts while civil courts are available, 1866
- e The court legalized abortion by ruling that state laws could not restrict it during the first three months of pregnancy. Based on the 4th Amendment rights of a person to be secure in their persons. 1973
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- Unanimous decision declaring "separate but equal" unconstitutional
- National power. Federalism. The Supreme Court forbade any state to set rates, even within its own borders, on railroad traffic entering from or bound for another state. This paved the way for the creation of the Interstate Commerce Commission in 1887.
- Declard unconstitutional a minimum wage law for women on the grounds that it denied women freedom of contract. reversed supreme courts ruling in muller v. oregon which had declared women to be deserving of special protection in the workplace. said women were now equal and didn't need protection
- In this 5-4 ruling the Supreme Court outlawed quotas
and ordered that Alan Bakke be admitted to medical school. But the court also upheld the principle of affirmative action, explaining that race or ethnicity could be counted as a plus in an applicant's file as long as it did "not insulate the individual from comparison with other candidates."
- A New York State law fixing maximum working hours for bakers was declared unconstitutional by the U.S. Supreme Court. The court held the law exceeded the police powers of the state and interfered with the individual's right to freedom of contract under Amendment 14.
5 True/False Questions
U.S. v. E.C. Knight Co. (1895) → Due to a narrow interpretation of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act,the Court undermined the authority of the federal government to act against monopolies, 1895American sugar refining company
Cummins v. County Board of Education (1899) → In deciding this case, the U.S. Supreme Court officially applied the "separate but equal doctrine" to public schools. As a result of this decision and Plessy v. Ferguson, segregation laws known as Jim Crow laws, piled up throughout the South.
Youngstown Sheet and Tube Co. v. Sawyer (1952) → (a) Supreme Court placed limits on the foreign affairs authority of the president. (b) Federal government seized control of the nation's steel mills during the Korean War. (c) Presidents cannot act contrary to the clearly expressed will of Congress in domestic matters.
Muller v. Oregon (1908) → Supreme court ruling that upheld a ten-hour work day law for women largely on the basis of sociological data regarding the effects of long hours on the health and morals of women.
Gideon v. Wainwright (1963) → Extends to the defendant the right of counsel (lawyer) in STATE AS WELL AS FEDERAL CRIMINAL TRIALS regardless of their ability to pay. major broadening of the us bill of rights