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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. McCulloch v. Maryland (1819)
  2. New York Times v U.S (1971)
  3. Plessy v. Ferguson 1896
  4. Adkins v. Children's Hospital (1923)
  5. U.S. v. E.C. Knight Co. (1895)
  1. a The U.S. President Richard Nixon had claimed executive authority to force the Times to suspend publication of classified information in its possession. The question before the court was whether the constitutional freedom of the press under the First Amendment was subordinate to a claimed Executive need to maintain the secrecy of information. The Supreme Court ruled that First Amendment did protect the New York Times' right to print said materials.
  2. b Legalized segregation in publicly owned facilities on the basis of "separate but equal"
  3. c The Court ruled that states cannot tax the federal government, i.e. the Bank of the U.S.; the phrase "the power to tax is the power to destroy"; confirmed the constitutionality of the Bank of the U.S.
  4. d Declard unconstitutional a minimum wage law for women on the grounds that it denied women freedom of contract. reversed supreme courts ruling in muller v. oregon which had declared women to be deserving of special protection in the workplace. said women were now equal and didn't need protection
  5. e Due to a narrow interpretation of the Sherman Anti-Trust Act,the Court undermined the authority of the federal government to act against monopolies, 1895American sugar refining company

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Unanimous decision declaring "separate but equal" unconstitutional
  2. Legalized segregation with regard to private property, 1883. Cases invalidated Civil Rights acts of 1875
  3. The Supreme Court declared the Keating-Owen Child Labor
    Law unconstitutional. Keating-Owen had prohibited the shipment in interstate commerce of products made with child labor.
  4. Supreme court ruling that upheld a ten-hour work day law for women largely on the basis of sociological data regarding the effects of long hours on the health and morals of women.
  5. denied a writ of habeas corpus to Eugene Debs, after he was cited for contempt for violating an injunction against the Pullman strike. Strike interfered with the federal responsibility to transport the mails and its authority over interstate commerce

5 True/False questions

  1. Fletcher v. Peck (1810)The decision stems from the Yazoo land cases, 1803, and upholds the sanctity of contracts. first time supreme court assumed right to declare a state law unconstitutional


  2. Holden v. Hardy (1896)tHE suprem court upheld a law regulating the working hours of miners because their work was so dangerous that overly long hours would increase the threat of injury.


  3. Miranda v. Arizona (1966)The court established its role as the arbiter of the constitutionality of federal laws, the principle is known as judicial review


  4. U.S. v. Richard Nixon (1974)The court rejected Richard Nixon's claim to an abolutely unqualified privilege against any judicial process


  5. Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge (1837)The interests of the community are more important than the interests of business; the supremacy of society's interest over private interest


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