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5 Written Questions

5 Matching Questions

  1. Hammer v. Dagenhart (1918)
  2. Munn v. Illinois (1877)
  3. Plessy v. Ferguson 1896
  4. Charles River Bridge v. Warren Bridge (1837)
  5. Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (1954)
  1. a The Supreme Court declared the Keating-Owen Child Labor
    Law unconstitutional. Keating-Owen had prohibited the shipment in interstate commerce of products made with child labor.
  2. b Unanimous decision declaring "separate but equal" unconstitutional
  3. c A United States Supreme Court case dealing with corporate rates and agriculture. allowed states to regulate certain businesses within their borders, including railroads
  4. d The interests of the community are more important than the interests of business; the supremacy of society's interest over private interest
  5. e Legalized segregation in publicly owned facilities on the basis of "separate but equal"

5 Multiple Choice Questions

  1. The Court ruled that states cannot tax the federal government, i.e. the Bank of the U.S.; the phrase "the power to tax is the power to destroy"; confirmed the constitutionality of the Bank of the U.S.
  2. Supreme court ruling that upheld a ten-hour work day law for women largely on the basis of sociological data regarding the effects of long hours on the health and morals of women.
  3. Legalized segregation with regard to private property, 1883. Cases invalidated Civil Rights acts of 1875
  4. Established tribal autonomy within their boundaries, i.e. the tribes were "distinct political communities, having territorial boundaries within which their authority is exclusive" the laws of georgia can have no force
  5. dealt with the 1919 Child Labor Tax Law which gave congress the right to tax 10% of the value of companies employing children under the age of 14; the USSC found that the law violated the tenth amendment and took away a power reserved to the states

5 True/False Questions

  1. New York Times v U.S (1971)This U.S. Supreme Court decision upheld the constitutionality of the Sedition Act (1918) which made it a crime to speak disloyally of the U.S. government or interfere with the war effort. Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. dissented in the decision, holding that the Sedition Act was a violation of freedom of speech guaranteed under the First Amendment to the Constitution.

          

  2. Korematsu v. U.S (1944)The court upheld the constitutionality of detention camps for Japanese-Americans during World War II, 1941

          

  3. U.S. v. Richard Nixon (1974)The court legalized abortion by ruling that state laws could not restrict it during the first three months of pregnancy. Based on the 4th Amendment rights of a person to be secure in their persons. 1973

          

  4. Fletcher v. Peck (1810)Sometimes called "the sick chicken case." or Schecter poultry case Unanimously declared the National Industrial Recovery Act (NIRA) unconstitutional on three grounds : the act delegated legislative power to the executive, there was a lack of constitutional authority for such legislation; and it sought to regulate businesses that were wholly intrastate in character, 1936

          

  5. Schecter v. U.S. (1935)Unanimously upheld the Espionage Act of 1917 which decalred that people who interfered with the war effort were subject to imprisonment; decalred that the 1rst Amendment right to freedom of speech was no absolute; free speech could be limited if its exercise presented a "clear and present danger"

          

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