5 Written questions
5 Matching questions
- Adkins v. Children's Hospital (1923)
- Civil Rights Cases (1883)
- U.S. v. Richard Nixon (1974)
- Dred Scott v. Sanford (1857)
- Youngstown Sheet and Tube Co. v. Sawyer (1952)
- a (a) Supreme Court placed limits on the foreign affairs authority of the president. (b) Federal government seized control of the nation's steel mills during the Korean War. (c) Presidents cannot act contrary to the clearly expressed will of Congress in domestic matters.
- b The court rejected Richard Nixon's claim to an abolutely unqualified privilege against any judicial process
- c Declard unconstitutional a minimum wage law for women on the grounds that it denied women freedom of contract. reversed supreme courts ruling in muller v. oregon which had declared women to be deserving of special protection in the workplace. said women were now equal and didn't need protection
- d Speaking for a widely divided court, Chief Justice Taney ruled that Dredd Scott was not a citizen and had no standing in court; Scott's residence in a free state and territory had not made him free since he returned to Missouri; Congress had no power to prohibit slavery in a territory (based on the 5th Amendment right of a person to be secure from seizure of property), thus voiding the Missouri Compromise of 1820
- e Legalized segregation with regard to private property, 1883. Cases invalidated Civil Rights acts of 1875
5 Multiple choice questions
- The court upheld the constitutionality of detention camps for Japanese-Americans during World War II, 1941
- Established tribal autonomy within their boundaries, i.e. the tribes were "distinct political communities, having territorial boundaries within which their authority is exclusive" the laws of georgia can have no force
- The Supreme Court declared the Keating-Owen Child Labor
Law unconstitutional. Keating-Owen had prohibited the shipment in interstate commerce of products made with child labor.
- dealt with the 1919 Child Labor Tax Law which gave congress the right to tax 10% of the value of companies employing children under the age of 14; the USSC found that the law violated the tenth amendment and took away a power reserved to the states
- Unanimously upheld the Espionage Act of 1917 which decalred that people who interfered with the war effort were subject to imprisonment; decalred that the 1rst Amendment right to freedom of speech was no absolute; free speech could be limited if its exercise presented a "clear and present danger"
5 True/False questions
Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas (1954) → Unanimous decision declaring "separate but equal" unconstitutional
Wabash RR v Illinois (1886) → A United States Supreme Court case dealing with corporate rates and agriculture. allowed states to regulate certain businesses within their borders, including railroads
In Re Debs (1895) → denied a writ of habeas corpus to Eugene Debs, after he was cited for contempt for violating an injunction against the Pullman strike. Strike interfered with the federal responsibility to transport the mails and its authority over interstate commerce
Abrahms v U.S (1919) → This U.S. Supreme Court decision upheld the constitutionality of the Sedition Act (1918) which made it a crime to speak disloyally of the U.S. government or interfere with the war effort. Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. dissented in the decision, holding that the Sedition Act was a violation of freedom of speech guaranteed under the First Amendment to the Constitution.
New York Times v U.S (1971) → This U.S. Supreme Court decision upheld the constitutionality of the Sedition Act (1918) which made it a crime to speak disloyally of the U.S. government or interfere with the war effort. Justice Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. dissented in the decision, holding that the Sedition Act was a violation of freedom of speech guaranteed under the First Amendment to the Constitution.