blueprints for cells or for life.
ribosomes in the cytosplasm.
pairs of molecules of nitrogen bases.
messanger RNA, or holds the blueprint, carries it to the ribosomes.
transfer RNA that carries the amino acid to the ribosomes.
ribosomal RNA making the protein, code for ribosomes.
sex chromosome cells.
(Diploid number in humans is 46), and is the normal chromosome of an organs somatic cells.
any of various proteins originating form living cells and capable of producing certain chemical changes in organic substances by catalytic action, as in digestion
true essential nitrogen components of all organic bodies, composed of 20 or more amino acids linked in a genetically contained linear sequence into 1 or more chains.
any of a class organic compounds that contains at least one amino group, and are the building blocks in which protein is constructed.
the study of how genes are passed or inherited to offspring.
specific section of DNA that codes for a specific trait.
the trait that is displayed in a trait, or overpowers it.
one gene that gets covered up by the dominant.
one of 2 forms of a trait, -Synonym: Gene.
change in the genes of a species.
a sudden departure from the parent type, and is caused by a change in a gene or a chromosome.
how it looks, the way the trait looks on an organism.
the genetic make up, or the real genes.
*made how traits are passed into offspring after years
*austrian monk and botanist
*Worked with pea plants, and also known as "Father of Genetics".
tools used to predict characteristics of a offspring.
two alleles that are the same, for a trait.
two alleles that are different for a trait.
a family tree, that traces traits.
to change the genes of an organism, to do something its not supposed to do.
an exact genetic duplicate.
combining different DNA by taking out one gene, and adding another stronger one.
breeding plants and animals for specific traits.
a type of transplantation of genes into human cells in order to cure a disease caused by a genetic disorder.