Med Review- Body planes, Divisions, Regions, Directions,& Anatomical Position

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Body is divided into_______ anatomical planes

four

Four anatomical planes of the body

Frontal(coronal), Transverse(Axial), Sagittal(median), Midsagittal

Frontal(coronal)

front and back (anterior and posterior)

Anterior

ventral

Posterior

Dorsal

Transverse

upper and lower at the waist

Sagittal

Right and left

Midsagittal

equal right and left

Abdomenal quadrants (4)

Right upper, Left upper, Right lower, Left lower

Right upper quad contains

part of liver, gallbladder and intestines

Left upper quad contains

part of liver, stomach, pancreas, spleen and intestines

Right lower quad contains

part of intestines, appendix, right ureter, ovary, and fallopian tube

Left lower quad contains

part of intestines, left ureter, ovary and fallopian tube

Regions of the abdomen (tic,tac,toe)

top sides- R & L hypochondriac, bottom sides- R & L inguinal, middle sides- R & L lateral, top middle- epigastric, center middle - umbilical, lower middle- hypogastric

There are ______ directional terms

eight

Distal

away from the trunk

Proximal

toward the trunk

Lateral

away from the midline

Medial

midline

Anterior (ventral)

front, in front of

Posterial (dorsal)

back, in back of

Inferior (caudal)

lower, below

Superior (cephalic)

at the head, above

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