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MHS English I Pre-AP Freshman

Clemency

n.
Leniency or mercy shown toward an offender.

Extricate

v.
To release from.

Driveling

v.
Drooling; talking senselessly.

Engendered

v.
Created.

Manifest

adj.
Obvious.

Superseded

adj.
Replaced; out dated; old fashioned.

Spectral

adj.
Ghostly; ethereal.

Doleful

adj.
unhappy, sad, mournful.

Plaited

v.
Braided, twisted.

Rakish

adj,
Stylish, dashing.

Tacit

adj.
Unspoken, implied.

Confute

v.
Disprove, invalidate.

Sententious

adj.
Tending to pompous moralizing.

Entreated

v.
Begged.

Retrospectively

adv.
Thoughtfully referring to the past, looking back.

Truckle

n.
Low bed meant to be slid under another.

Presentiment

n.
Omen; feeling, intuition.

Vacillating

adj.
Hesitating; indecisive.

Querulous

adj.
Complaining.

Discreet

adj.
Modest, tactful.

Propensities

n.
Tendencies, inclination

Avarice

n.
Greed.

Debilitating

adj.
Weakening, incapacitating.

Despondent

adj.
Depressed, hopeless.

Acquittal

n.
Release, freeing, exoneration.

Beadle

Messenger of a law court.

Botany Bay

The site of a former British penal colony near Sydney, Australia.

"Change"

The Royal Exchange in London, where merchants met to conduct business.

Coddleshell

Mispronunciation of codicil, an addition to a will.

Collier

A ship for carrying coal.

Covent Garden

A market area of London, famous for its many theaters and fashionable coffee houses.

Freehold

Real estate that can be passed on through inheritance.

Lloyd's

An association of merchants that specialized in insuring ships and publishing shipping information.

Newgate

The principal prison of London from the thirteenth century until it was torn down in 1902. It was rebuilt after rioters burned it in 1780. Public executions were carried out in front of its gates from 1783 to 1867.

Nore

A sandbank at the mouth of the Thames where it meets the sea.

Packet-boat

A boat that travels a regular routes carrying passengers, freight, and mail.

Plummet

A lead weight.

The Temple

A large complex of buildings with apartments, located on the Thames.

Thames

The large river that flows through London.

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