the reader must put together clues to figure out what characters are like, such as how they look/dress, what they say and the language they use to say it, what people say about them, and what they do
Direct characterization - "The Most Dangerous Game"
General Zaroff because the writer tells us how he looks, where he is from, etc.
Indirect characterization - "The Most Dangerous Game"
Sanger Rainsford because the writer only tells us where he is from and his occupation, not how he looks or what he is like.