the writer tells the reader what the character is like
the reader must put together clues to figure out what characters are like, such as how they look/dress, what they say and the language they use to say it, what people say about them, and what they do
very brief account of a particular incident; often used to point out truths about life
Direct characterization - "The Most Dangerous Game"
General Zaroff because the writer tells us how he looks, where he is from, etc.
Indirect characterization - "The Most Dangerous Game"
Sanger Rainsford because the writer only tells us where he is from and his occupation, not how he looks or what he is like.
Anecdote - "Thank You, Ma'am"
Look for the good in people, do not steal - truths about like we learn from the short story.