Period of North and South American history before the arrival of the Europeans in the late 15th century.
a family of American Indian languages spoken by Mayan peoples
a member of the small group of Quechuan people living in the Cuzco valley in Peru who established hegemony over their neighbors to create the great Inca empire that lasted from about 1100 until the Spanish conquest in the early 1530s
a member of the Nahuatl people who established an empire in Mexico that was overthrown by Cortes in 1519
Portuguese prince who started a school for sailors and sponsored early voyages of exploration
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
Vasco da Gama
Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498 he led the first naval expedition from Europe to sail to India, opening an important commercial sea route. (p. 428)
Portugues explorer who was also funded by Spain, Lead the expedition that ended up sailing around the world.
Spanish adventurer who crossed from Hispaniola to mainland Mexico with six hundred men, seventeen horses, and ten cannon, beginning the conquest of Aztec Mexico in 1519.
Spanish 'conqueror' or soldier in the New World. They were searching for the 3-G's: gold, God, and glory.
Powerful Aztec monarch who fell to Spanish conquerors
Spanish explorer who conquered the Incas in what is now Peru and founded the city of Lima (1475-1541)
priviledge given by Spain to Spanish settlers in the Americas which allowed to control the lands and people of a certain territory
Name of French colony in Canada
a Dutch colony in North America along the Hudson and lower Delaware rivers although the colony centered in New Amsterdam
Atlantic Salve Trade
the buying, transporting and selling of africans for work in the americas
the route in between the western ports of Africa to the Caribbean and southern U.S. that carried the slave trade