medical terminology 2

Created by amccarty0003 

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test 9 and 10

_____ is an inflammationof both the renal pelvis and the kidney. This is usually caused by a bacterial infection that has spread from the bladder.

pyelonephritis

What is the outer layer of the kidney?

cortex

Which conditions is the abnormal narrowing of the tube that carries urine out of the body?

urethrostenosis

T/FUrethral meatus is the external opening of the urethraadder.

True

This condition is a chronic inflammation within the walls of the bladder.

Interstitial cystitis

The placement of a catheter into the bladder through a small incision made through the abdominal wall is known as _____ catheterization.

suprapubic

Which condition is the formation or discharge of pus in the kidney?

nephropyosis

Which term describes the surgical repair of the tube extending from the kidney to the bladder?

Ureteroplasty

Which term describes a radiographic study of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder without use of a contrast material?

KUB

T/F Neurogenic bladder is caused by inerference with the nerve pathways associated with urination

True

Excessive fear of spiders is ________.

Arachnophobia

Which condition of a young child is characterized by the inability to develop normal social relationships?

autism

A condition in which an individual acts as if he/she has a physical or mental illness when he/she is not really sick is

factitious disorder

Which condition is the inflammation of a nerve causing pain through the thigh and leg?

sciatica

Inflammation of the brain is:

encephalitis

Which condition is an intense burning pain after an injury to a sensory nerve?

causalgia

Which part of the brain is responsible for the highest level of thought?

cerebrum

The _____ lobe of the cerebrum controls motor functions.

frontal

A bundle of nerve fibers that carry nerve impulses toward the brain is known as a/an ______.

ascending tract

The inner surgace of the skull is lined with ____.

dura mater

An intravenous ______ is a radiographic study of the kidneys and ureters used to diagnose changes in the urinary tract.

pyelogram

A ________nephrolithotomy is a performed by making a small incision in the skin of the back and inserting a nephroscope to crush and remove a kidney stone.

percutaneous

A/an ________ is a physician who specializes in diagnosing and treating diseases and disorders of the urinary system and the genitourinary system of males.

urologist

THe term ______ means scanty urination.

oliguria

The swelling of one or both kidneys due to an obstruction in the flow of urine is known as _____.

hydronephrosis

The term ______describes the distention of a ureter.

ureterectasis

Urinary______ is difficulty in starting a urinary stream.

hesitancy

The procedure which clears a kidney from adhesions is called_______.

nephrolysis

An incision into the urinary meatus to enlarge the opening is an______.

meatotomy

The insertion of a sterile tube through the urethra and into the urianry bladder is known as ______.

catheterization or urinary catheterization

An inflammation of the tissues surrounding the brain or spinal cord is known as ______.

meningitis

The condition of excessive sensitivity to stimuli is known as _______.

hyperesthesia

______is a learning disability characterized by substandard reading achievement due to the inability of the brain to process symbols.

dyslexia

A/an______is a medical professional who specializes in administering anesthesia but is not a physician.

anesthetist

Elevated______pressure(ICP) can be due to a tumor, an injury, or improper drainage of cerbrospinal fluid.

intracranial

The medical term for the condition that is commonly known as fainting is______.

syncope

A/an______is a physician specializing in diagnosing and treating chemical dependencies and mental illness.

psychiatrist

T/F Thee prostate-specific antigen blood test is used to screen for enlargement of the prostate gland

False

T/f A urinary tract infection usually begins within the kidney.

Fals

T/F The term nephropathy means any disease of the kidney

True

T/F Renal failure is the inability of one or both kidneys to perform their functions.

True

T/F Urine is the major waste product of protein metabolism

False

T/F Nephroptosis, also known as a floating kidney, is the prolapse of a kidney.

True

T/F Tetanus is characterized by vomiting and confusion

False

T/F A transient ischemic attack is an episode of bleeding in the brain that causes numbness, blurred vision, dizziness, or loss of balance.

False

T/F Kleptomania is a disorder characterized by the repeated stealing of objects neither for personal us nor for their monetary value

True

T/F Cognitive therapy focuses on changing cognitions or thoughts that are affecting a person's emotions and actions.

True

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