a member of an American Indian people of Yucatan and Belize and Guatemala who had a culture (which reached its peak between AD 300 and 900) characterized by outstanding architecture and pottery and astronomy
a member of the small group of Quechuan people living in the Cuzco valley in Peru who established hegemony over their neighbors to create the great Inca empire that lasted from about 1100 until the Spanish conquest in the early 1530s
a member of the Nahuatl people who established an empire in Mexico that was overthrown by Cortes in 1519
Known as the Henry the Navigator, gathered experts in science, mapmaking, and shipbuilding whose work led to a fleet of ships that explored the coast of west Africa
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages. (p. 472)
Vasco Da Gama
Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498 he led the first naval expedition from Europe to sail to India, opening an important commercial sea route. (p. 428)
Portuguese navigator who led the Spanish expedition of 1519-1522 that was the first to sail around the world.
Spanish explorer who conquered the Incas in what is now Peru and founded the city of Lima (1475-1541)
priviledge given by Spain to Spanish settlers in the Americas which allowed to control the lands and people of a certain territory
Name of French colony in Canada
a Dutch colony in North America along the Hudson and lower Delaware rivers although the colony centered in New Amsterdam
Atlantic Slave Trade
Lasted from 16th century until the 19th century. Trade of African peoples from Western Africa to the Americas. One part of a three-part economical system known as the MIddle Passage of the Triangular Trade.
the route in between the western ports of Africa to the Caribbean and southern U.S. that carried the slave trade