The central belief of Calvinism, stating that all human souls had their salvation or damnation decided before they were born.
Those who, according to Calvinist belief, selected for salvation.
Turning to God through religion, believed by Calvinists to be an intense and thorough experience.
Those who publicly proclaimed their conversion and their resolve to lead righteous lives.
The belief of Protestants that those who knew the truth had an obligation to preach it to others.
A belief that does not adhere to generally accepted beliefs or values.
Describes rebellious or defiant action against a government or governmental entity.
An organized body of government or order.
Absolute governmental power invested in one person.
Resisting or protesting without violence.
A place of security and safety.
Denotes complete private ownership of something.
Obtaining citizenship in a foreign country.
Laws taking a large amount of influence from religious morals.
Describes foreign or diverse cultures.
A reformer of Catholicism; created the Calvinism religion.
A religious protester in the Massachusetts Bay colony who protested against the idea that the colonists should have Christian morals forced on them.
A man who was forced out of the Massachusetts Bay colony for protesting against Puritan beliefs. He later helped to found Rhode Island and its religious toleration.
Explored the region around the Hudson River for the Dutch, in an attempt to find a passage to Asia.
A governor of Plymouth Rock elected 30 times.
A Dutch general who lost New Netherlands to the English.
The Archbishop of Canterbury (in the Anglican Church); was publicly opposed to Puritanism.
A Puritan who lived in Boston; brought other Puritans to Hartford, Connecticut.
An English Quaker who, in face of persecution, obtained a royal charter to settle in Pennsylvania. He established religious toleration there.
The first governor of the Massachusetts Bay colony.
A King of Spain who sent the Spanish Armada against England and who fought against the Protestant Reformation.
An English Puritan who immigrated to Massachusetts to avoid persecution. He was a strong advocate of government enforcement of religious laws.
Sir Edmund Andros
The head of the Dominion of New England; changed many laws in the colonies without the representatives' assent.
Rights to a piece of the financial part of a group.
Large plots of land given to Dutch settlers who promised to get 50 other people to settle on the land.
Indentured servants who had completed their years of service and were released from contract.
An agreement made by Puritans stating that a government's duty was to uphold religious law.
The belief that faith and personal revelation exempt a Christian from obeying moral laws.
A religious revolution beginning with general discontent with the Roman Catholic Church; created a new branch of Christianity.
A group that immigrated to America for religious freedom; landed in Massachusetts.
New England Confederation
A union of four early colonies with the purpose of defending against common enemies.
The set of beliefs of many Puritans; contains beliefs in simple worship, predestination, strict laws, and hard work.
Massachusetts Bay Company
A joint-stock company that obtained a charter to establish a settlement in the Massachusetts Bay area.
Dominion of New England
All of New England, plus New York and New Jersey, put under the rule and ownership of King James II.
Institutes of the Christian Religion
A work written by John Calvin, describing the beliefs and doctrines of the Protestant faith.
A restriction placed on the colonies by the English crown prohibiting trade between colonies (could only be done directly with England).
Great Puritan Migration
In the early 1600's, the mass exodus of many English Puritans to New England in a search for religious tolerance and freedom.
The time at which King James II was removed from the throne and was replaced with William III from the Netherlands.
A group who desired to "purify" the Church of England of its associations with the Roman Catholic Church.
A Puritan representative assembly elected by freemen.
Dutch West India Company
A company of Dutch merchants given a charter for a virtual monopoly of all trade in the Americas.
Extreme Puritans who encouraged absolute separation from the Anglican Church.
A political system in which laws were based on Biblical morals and only members of the appointed church could vote.
A religious group with strong emphasis on equality and individual worship; settled in Pennsylvania.
The ship that carried the first pilgrims to Massachusetts.
A pledge made by Puritans to work hard and an attempt to further themselves in the world.
An agreement between all of the passengers on the Mayflower stating that all decisions would be made by the power of the majority.
The first constitution in the colonies; made a democratic government in the Connecticut River colony.