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exact words of a speaker

use quotes to show the exact words of a speaker
EX: Veronica said, "Wait, do we have homework?"

exact words of a speaker

Do NOT use quotes for an indirect quote (begins with the word that)
EX: Veronica said that she wanted homework.

quotes within a quote

use single quotes (') for a quote within a qoute
EX: Reporting from an interview earlier this week Ryan Seacrest told Extra, "Justin Bieber recently said,'Yes Selena and I are a couple.'"

placement of periods and commas

always go inside final quotes
EX: Mark said, "Minkus is my best friend."

placement of question marks and exclamation points

INSIDE if the quote asks a question or expresses emotion
EX: Julie asked, "Can we have class outside?"

placement of question marks and exclamation points

OUTSIDE if the sentence asks a question or shws emotion
EX: Did you finish reading "Mother to Son"?

placement of question marks and exclamation points

INSIDE if the quote and the sentence both ask questions or if both are exclamatory
EX: Did Julie ask, "Can we have class outside?"

quote

titles of short stories

quote

titles of short poems

quote

titles of short plays

quote

titles of songs

quote

chapters in a book

quote

essays

quote

themes

quote

speeches

quote

articles in magazines

quote

episodes of tv shows

underline

titles of books

underline

titles of newspapers

underline

titles of magazines

underline

titles of long plays

underline

tv shows

underline

records

underline

movies

underline

cd albums

underline

works of art

underline

names of ships

underline

trains

underline

planes

underline

spacecrafts

underline

computer applications

underline

*italicize when typing

capitalizing

all words in a tilte except:
-articles
-coordinating conjunctions
-prepositions fewer than 5 letters (unless the first word)

semi-colon

used to combine two closely related independent clauses instead of FANBOYS.
EX: I went shopping and i spent too much money.
I went shopping; I spent too much money.

colon

to set off a list
EX: I like the following candies: Skittles, Starbursts, and Twizzlers.

colon

to signal important ideas
EX: Warning: Taking too much aspirin is dangerous.

homonym

words that sound the same or similar; may or may not be spelled the same but have different meanings
your/you're
there/their/they're
effect/affect

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