What countries made up the axis powers?
Germany, Italy, Japan
General Dwight Eisenhower
American/ Operation Torch/ D-Day
General Bernard Montgomery
Led Britain forces in North Africa
General Douglas MacArthur
led Allied forces in the Pacific; left Philippines
General George Patton
led the Third Army (US)/ D-Day and Battles in Europe
Admiral Chester Nimitz
American allied commander of Naval forces
Battle of El Alamein
Oct.3,1942/ Germans and Africans were beat by the Americans/ Allied Powers
Battle of Stalingrad
Aug.1942-Feb.1943/ Russians defeat the Germans by trapping them inside and cutting off their supplies
June 6, 1944/ the Allies defeated France-United States liberates France and pushed Nazis into Germany
Battle of the Bulge
Dec.6,1944/ Allies defeated the Germans
Battle of Leyte Gulf
Oct.23, 1944/ Americans beat the Japanese, destroyed naval defeat
April 1942/ Doolittle made bombs on Tokyo and many other cities. Little damage shook Americans
Battle of Coral Sea`
1942/ Allies defeated the Japanese advances
Battle of Midway
June 4, 1942/ Allies defeated Japan
Battle of Guadalcanal
Aug.7,1942/ U.S. Marines along Australian support fought the Japanese. (Japanese lost)
Operation Barbarossa(what? where? who?)
Nazi invasion of Soviet Union
Operation Sea Lion(what?where?who?)
Germany invasion of Britain
Nazi invasion of France
What were the causes of WWII?
Treaty of Versailles, war debts, nationalism
How did Hitler violate the Treaty of Versailles?
sending troops in to demilitarized zone. army, navy forming alliance with Anschluss
What was Anschluss?
Austria and Germany uniting
What happened at the Munich Conference?
it was a meeting representing Britain, France, Italy, Germany. Britain and France allowed Nazi to annex part of Czechoslavakia for Hitler's respect to the Czechs.
What happened September 1, 1939?
Hitler made a surprise attack on Poland
What happened December 7, 1941?
Japan dropped bomb on Pearl Harbor
What happened on June 6, 1944
What happened on May 9, 1945?
What happened on September 2, 1945?
V-J Day(Japanese surrendered to General Douglas MacArthur)
What happened on the Night of Long Knives?
Hitler targeted SA
What was the Kristallnacht?
when Nazis made a violent attack on the Jews' synagogues,homes,businesses,etc. (Night of Broken Glass)
What were the Nuremberg Laws?
German Jews were stripped of right, marriage, citizenship, etc.
What battle was known as the "island of death?"
Battle of Guadalcanal
What was the Bataan Death March?
50-60mile trip. American Filipino soldiers, Japan invaded on the way to prison camps
What countries made up Allies?
America, Great Britain, France, Soviet Union
How did the Lend-Lease Act benefit the United States?
Kept US from selling weapons to other countries. Allowed lending weapons to Allies
Who wasthe mastermind of the "island hopping" strategy and what was this strategy?
Douglas MacArthur/ each island should be closer to Japan
Who was the leader of the Nazi SS and Gestapo?
Who aided Francisco Franco during the Spanish Civil War?
Hitler and Mussolini tested new weapons out
Why did Japan invade Manchuria in 1931and later China in 1937?
What country occupied Japan from 1945-1951?
Who was in charge of the demilitarization and democratization of Japan?
What changes were made to Japan's government after the war?
constitutional monarchy, new constitution, new emperor
What 2 cities were bombed to end the war with Japan?
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
political movement that promotes an extreme form of nationalism; a denial of individual rights, a dictorial one-party rule
the facist policies of national socialis German workers party; based on totalitarianism
3rd German empire; established by Adolf Hitler in the 1930s
making of concessions to an aggressor in order to avoid war
Western border regions of Czech where German Speaking people lived
Nazi Soviet Non-Aggression Pact
pledge on Germany and Russia never to attack eachother
1938 meeting between Britain, France, Germany, and Italy
Hitler's program of systematically killing entire Jewish people
mass slaughter of Jews and other civilians, carried out by the Nazi gvt. of Germany before and during WWII
to the Nazis, the Germanic peoples who formed a "master race"