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Which of the following is a good food safety practice to employ when cooking or consuming eggs?

Casseroles made with eggs should reach an internal temperature of 160 before being eaten

• Which of the following is most commonly associated with food-borne illnesses?

Answer: foods of animal origin

• Why is rBGH give to many U.S. dairy cows?

Answer: to increase milk production without increasing feed

• A normal-weight woman should gain approximately 25 to ___pounds during pregnancy?

Answer: 35

• Celine visited her doctor to complain about a cut that bled a lot before it clotted. Which of the following deficiencies might cause increased bleeding?

Answer: Vitamin K

• Mycotoxins are most commonly found in

Answer: peanuts and grains

• Fetal demand for iron is highest during the ______

Answer: Third Trimester

• Which of the following hormone is reffered to as the "let down" hormone?

Answer: Oxytocin

• Iodine is essential for the synthesis of _____hormones.

Answer: Thyroid

• Which of the following individuals is most likely to suffer dehydration?

• Answer: Julio who never takes diuretics of laxatives

• Guidelines that can prevent heat related deaths in high school and collegiate athletes include all of the following EXCEPT

Answer: attendance of a certified athletic trainer at all sporting events

• A lack of dietary iodine during pregnancy is the primary cause of _____worldwide.

Answer: Creinism

The proper steps developed for canning foods ensures that all endospores of _____botulinum are eliminated when followed carefully

Answer: Clostridium

Which of the following additives gives ham, hot dogs, and bologna their pink color?

Answer: Nitrate

• Research studies suggest that diets rich in vitamin D are associated with a lower risk of developing ______

Answer: Colon Cancer

• At what point during pregnancy is adequate folate MOST important?

Answer: during the first four weeks after conception

• It is 10 a.m., and Julie is trying to decide what to prepare for tonight's dinner. She selects a frozen turkey breast and must thaw it before she can proceed with her cooking preparations. Which of the following would be an appropriate method of thawing her poultry?

Answer: Julie could use her microwave

• Which of the following is NOT a recommended method for preventing cross-contamination?

• Answer: using a porous wood cutting board

• The iron carrying protein that assists in the transport of oxygen into muscle cells is

Answer: myoglobin

• Which of the following statements is FALSE regarding vitamin B12 during pregnancy?

Answer: the RDA for vitamin B12 doubles during pregnancy

• Fetal demand for iron is highest during the_____

Answer: third trimester

• Phylloquinone and Menaquinone are better known as______

Answer: vitamin K

• Inadequate intakes of ______during pregnancy are associated with neural tube defects in the fetus

Answer: folate

The majority of our body's phosphorus is stored in the ______

Answer: bones

• What is only water-soluble vitamin that can be stored in large amounts in the human body?

Answer: Vitamin B12

• Which of the following is a diuretic?

Answer: alcohol

The meat factor is

Answer: a special quality found in meat, poultry, and fish that enhances iron absorption

• Studies have shown that exposure to the fetus to famine in the first trimester of pregnancy resulted in a high risk of the development of _______in adulthood

Answer: Metabolic Syndrome

• Folate deficiency during pregnancy is associated with

Answer: Neural Tube Defects

• Widely distributed in many foods, phosphorus is especially abundant in foods dense in...

Answer: Protein

• Which of the following is major mineral?

Answer: Sodium

• What is not a function of chloride?

Answer: Used in public water supplies to kill harmful bacteria

• Which of the following is true?

Answer: Water freely moves across cell membranes

• Which of the following food preservation methods does NOT limit spoilage by drawing water out of foods, making them inhospitable to bacterial growth?

Answer: cooling

• The letters used to identify the fat-soluble vitamins indicate

Answer: the chronological order in which the vitamins were discovered

• The binder found in high fiber foods that inhibits the absorption of iron and zinc is_____

Answer: oxalic acid

• Which of the following is an antioxidant added to food as a preservative?

Answer: Vitamin C

• The water that comes from lakes, rivers, and reservoirs are_____

Answer: surface

• The main symptom associated with Clostridium botulinum intoxication is

Answer: paralysis

• Which of the following does NOT describe fluid tissue?

Answer: fluid that is found in the blood stream

• The two electrolytes that enable nerves to respond to stimuli are sodium and_____

Answer: Potassium

• Bert goes to the gym and works out strenuously for about 45 minutes. After his exercise bout he weighs himself and notices that he has lost a pound. How much fluid should he drink to rehydrate his body?

Answer: 4 cups

• The ability of a muscle to contract and relax is dependent on the flow of______in and out of the muscle cell

Answer: Calcium

• The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that all breastfed infants be given a ________ supplement to decrease the risk of developing rickets.

Answer: Vitamin D

• From the third month of pregnancy until birth the developing human is called a/n

Answer: fetus

• Which of the following is NOT a vitamin?

Answer: Choline

• What is the primary role of the B-vitamins?

Answer: provide energy

Vitamin K deficiencies are rare because

Answer: intestinal bacteria produce vitamin K

The chronic overconsumption of_____can result in biotin deficiency

Answer: raw egg whites

• The only thing that will "cure" eclampsia is______

Answer: delivery of the infant

• Which of the following is NOT a good explanation of why children are more sensitive to pesticides than adults?

Answer: pesticides increase nutrient absorption

• Consumption of high levels of folate supplements can mask a/n ________ deficiency

Answer: Vitamin B12

• A megadose of a vitamin is defined as consuming _____times the recommended intake

Answer: greater than or equal to 10

• Studies have shown that exposure of the fetus to famine in the first trimester of pregnancy resulted in a high risk of the development of______in adulthood

Answer: metabolic syndrome

• The first B-vitamins discovered was_____

Answer: niacin

• The stimulus that is needed for continued and sustained production of breast milk is

Answer: infant suckling

• The "command center" of fluid intake is located in the_____

Answer: hypothalamus

• It is suggested that ________ percent of neural tube defects could be prevented if all women of childbearing age consumed adequate amounts of folate or folic acid.

Answer: 70

• Inadequate intakes of_____ during pregnancy are associated with neural tube defects in the fetus

Answer: Folate

• Substances that lead to birth defects are called_____

Answer: teratogens

• The original objective in the development of GMO's (genetically modified organisms) was to

Answer: improve crop protection from pesticides and herbicides

• The inner portion of the zygote that implants in the uterine lining is called the _____

Answer: blastocyst

• Which of the following conditions would result in a decreased water loss from the body?

Answer: high sodium intake

• Which of the following will likely result if the concentration of electrolytes outside of the cell is higher than in the intracellular environment?

Answer: the cell will shrink up and dry up

• Which of the following groups are most vulnerable to dehydration?

Answer: infants and elderly

Which of the following statements is TRUE?

Answer: water freely moves across cell membranes

• The movement of water through semipermeable membrane toward solutes is called

Answer: osmosis

Which of the following stimulates the thirst mechanism?

Answer: dryness of the mouth and throat tissues

• Insensible water loss includes water loss

Answer: through respiration

• Which of the following does NOT describe tissue fluid?

Answer: fluid that is found in the blood stream (plasma)

• Matt has just been diagnosed with hypertension, and his physician has instructed him to reduce his sodium intake. Which of the following would be good advice for Matt?

Answer: snack on fresh fruits and vegetables instead of salty snacks

• Diets rich in ______are associated with maintaining healthy blood pressure levels

Answer: Potassium

• Which of the following does NOT explain why infants are at a high risk of dehydration compared to adults?

Answer: infants have a lower total body water percentage

• Heat cramps that develop during vigorous physical activity in hot temps. Are due to

Answer: a fluid and electrolyte imbalance

• A potentially fatal condition characterized by the failure of the body's heat regulating mechanisms is heat

Answer: stroke

• Which of the following statements is FALSE regarding phosphorus?

Answer: on average, Americans do not consume enough phosphorus in their diets

• What is NOT a symptom of low blood pressure?

Answer: stroke

• Which of the following is NOT a good source of Vitamin K?

Answer: exposure to sunlight

• Who is responsible for determining the safety and efficacy of any dietary supplement?

Answer: the manufacturer of the supplement

• The first B-vitamins discovered was

Answer: thiamin

• Vitamins A, D, E, and K are best absorbed with foods that are rich in

Answer: fat

• Chromium assists in ______uptake

Answer: glucose

• The primary sources of Folate in the American diet are

Answer: enriched ready-to-eat cereals, bread, and grain products

• Which of the following is a trace mineral?

Answer: iron

• Which component of the blood is essential in transporting oxygen to the cells?

Answer: erythrocytes

• Prothrombin and factor VII are______

Answer: proteins that are involved in the coagulation of blood

Good sources of riboflavin include

Answer: milk, meats, and green vegetables

• The letters used to identify the fat-soluble vitamins indicate

Answer: the chronological order in which the vitamins were discovered

• Which of the following individuals may not benefit from dietary supplementation?

Answer: people who eat a balanced diet

• A toxicity of folate can disguise a true deficiency of_______, resulting in nerve damage

Answer: Vitamin B12

• Pellagra is the deficiency disease associated with

Answer: Niacin

• Pellagra was first seen in populations where the dietary staple was______

Answer: corn

• What is the best source of thiamin?

Answer: whole and enriched cereals and grains

• The MAJOR dietary source of iodine in the typical American's diet is

Answer: iodized table salt

• Bob's physician just diagnosed him with iron-deficiency anemia, All of the following would be advice for Bob to utilize more dietary iron except:

Answer: drinking a class of milk with his iron supplement

• The original objective the development of GMO's was to

Answer: improve crop protection from pesticides and herbicides

• The inner portion of the zygote that implants in the uterine lining is called the _______

Answer: blastocyst

• Water has a high heat capacity. What does this term mean?

Answer: water is resistant to changes in temperature

• What is the only water-soluble vitamin that can be stored in large amounts in the human body?

Answer: vitamin B12

• A person exhibiting symptoms of impaired work performance, general fatigue, pale skin, depressed immune function, impaired cognitive and nerve function, and impaired memory is likely suffering from ________

Answer: iron-deficiency anemia

• The primary cause of gastroesophegeal reflux and constipation during pregnancy is

Answer: relaxation of the smooth muscle

Which of the following is NOT a factor that indicates an infant is ready to accept solid foods?

Answer: the infant has high stores of iron

• A deficiency of_______has been associated with convulsions and dermatitis in infants

Answer: Vitamin B6

• Why are newborns given a single injection of vitamin K?

Answer: the infant's intestinal bacteria are not yet able to synthesize vitamin K

• Which of the following have the LEAST amount of risk of suffering serious consequences from a food borne illness?

Answer: person recovering from surgery

• The two electrolytes that enable nerves to respond to stimuli are sodium and______

Answer: potassium

• Poor maternal intake of calcium increases the risk of _______ in the adult offspring

Answer: hypertension

• Which vitamin can be made from the amino acid tryptophan?

Answer: niacin

• Research studies suggests that diets rich in Vitamin D are associated with a lower risk of developing________

Answer: colon cancer

• Which of the following is NOT a symptom of preeclampsia?

Answer: unexplained and raipid weight loss

• Which of the following BEST describes the Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) list?

Answer: catalogue of food additives generally regarded as safe; established in 1958 by the U.S. congress

• The addition of iodine to table salt has decreased the incidence of

Answer: goiter

• During the first six months of lactation, the daily caloric needs of the mother increase by______calories as compared to prepregnancy levels

Answer: 330

• Which vitamin can be made from the amino acid tryptophan?

Answer: niacin

• All of the following are protective responses to encountering food-borne microbes EXCEPT

Answer: decreased metabolic rate

• Which of the following is an example of a neurotoxin?

Answer: clostridium botulinum

• Which of the following is an example of a nerve toxin?

Answer: mercury

Which of the following environmental conditions would NOT affect the survival and reproduction of food microorganisms?

Answer: a low amount of humidity

• Which of the following is NOT a recommending method for preventing cross contamination?

Answer: using a porous wood cutting board

Which of the following is NOT an antioxidant used in the processing of food?

Answer: propionic acid

• Which of the following is most commonly associated with food-borne illnesses?

Answer: foods of animal origin

• In which of the following environments does Clostridium Botulinum flourish?

Answer: alkaline

• To avoid food born illness at your next barbeque, it is good practice to do all of the following EXCEPT

Answer: grill hamburgers to medium rare

Which human organ system is MOST affected by toxic levels or mercury

Answer: nervous

• Hepatitis A is a food-borne virus that can result in______damage

Answer: liver

• It is 10 a.m., and Julie is trying to decide what to prepare for tonight's dinner. She selects a frozen turkey breast and must thaw it before she can proceed with her cooking preparations. Which of the following would be an appropriate method of thawing her poultry?

Answer: Julie could use her microwave

• Which of the following is an example of a parasite?

Answer: protozoa

• Why is rBGH give to many U.S. dairy cows?

Answer: to increase the milk production without increasing feed

• It is estimated that over ______ percent of the U.S. population has symptoms of food-borne illness without knowing or reporting it

Answer: 50

• A deficiency of_______is the most common deficiency worldwide

Answer: iron

• The easiest and most effective way to prevent food-borne illnesses is to

Answer: wash hands before handling

• Roquefort cheese, chocolate, and win are all made using which of the following micoogranisms?

Answer: yeast and fungi

• The fetal adaptation theory indicates that a fetus exposed to starvation or malnutrition goes into a survival mode. Which of the following is NOT a fetal physiological response in this situation?

Answer: the size and function of body organs, such as liver or kidneys, does not change

Wh• ich of the following if a FALSE statement regarding the proper refrigeration and freezing of food

• Answer: thaw frozen meat and poultry on the kitchen counter

• Which of the following is NOT a benefit of breastfeeding for the infant?

Answer: the fat in breast milk is difficult for the infant to digest

• Rich dietarty sources of DHA include...

Answer: mackerel and salmon

• Which of the following is NOT a symptom of preeclampsia?

Answer: unexplained and rapid weight loss

• The hormones that prepare the breasts physically for lactation are estrogen and_____

Answer: progesterone

• Some of the earliest research on the fetal origins theory took place in_____adults

Answer: Dutch

• Which of the following statements is FALSE regarding the consequences of the following maternal nutrient deficiencies during pregnancy?

Answer: maternal zinc deficiency has no known consquences in adult offspring

• Which of the following is NOT a maternal benefit of breastfeeding?

Answer: shortens the intervals between pregnancies

• During the second and third trimesters, the caloric needs of a pregnant woman increase by 350 to ______kilocalories per day

Answer: 450

The point at which the ovum becomes fertilized b the sperm is_________

Answer: conception

Which of the following do sodium and potassium NOT have in common?

Answer: Rich sources of both include fresh foods, such as bananas, cantaloupe, and potatoes

• With the exception of______, most of a pregnants woman's nutrient needs can be met by consuming a nutrient dense diet

Answer: iron

• Which of the following foods contains the lowest amount of sodium?

Answer: 1 medium fresh orange

• Which mineral's absorption is enhanced greatly by vitamin C?

Answer: iron

• Of the following ethnic groups, which has the highest risk of developing hypertension?

Answer: African American

• Wernicke-korsakoff syndrome is associated with the decreased absorption and utilization of_________

Answer: thiamin

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