Toddlerhood occurs between what age?
Between ages 1 and 3.
Three important criteria for First Words
-Produced spontaneously with clear intention and purpose
-Has recognizable pronunciation similar to adult form
-Used word consistently and extended use beyond original context
First words occur at
Words are (3 things)
-composed of meaningful sounds
-symbolic (represent something else in the world)
-arbritary (sound sequences do not directly stand for the concepts they represent)
First words refer to
everday lives such as mama, dada, doggie, baba
What is a term describing the challenges of early lexical mapping?
The Quinean Conundrum
What is being described?: The systematic and rule-governed speech patters that characterize speech, including syllable structure changes, assimilation, place-or-articulation changes, and manner-of-articulation changes
Analyze the following grammatical morphemes: I am hungry.
Are you pretty?
She has blonde hair.
I was singing.
She hit the ball (past tense)
Is language symbolic? If yes, what does that mean?
Yes. Language is a system of symbols used to transfer thoughts and ideas.
What kind of morphemes are in the word Thankful
thank (free lexical)
-ful (bound derivational)
What kind of morphemes are in the word Stars
star (free lexical)
-s (bound inflectional)
What kind of morphemes are in the word Hairy
hair (free lexical)
-y (bound derivational)
What are the three most important achievements in morphology during toddlerhood?
1) Reach vocabulary of around 50 words between 18 and 24 months.
2) Emergence of grammatical morphemes also appears between 18 and 24 months.
3) Mastery of sequence and timeline for 14 GMs documented by Roger Brown.
What are the two most important achievements in syntax during toddlerhood?
1) Begin to combine words to create two-word utterances
2) Marks true beginning of syntax (use of rules that govern word order in sentences)
Use more communicative functions (i.e., negating, requesting, and questioning)