Its huge population increase
What was evidence of the Ming Dynasty's political stability?
It had more commercial activity than any other nation
Describe Ming Dynasty economic prosperity.
The west was slowly overtaking the Chinese in science and technology
What was the Ming Dynasty's biggest weakness?
China valued scholars and artists (not engineers and inventors), the Confucian ethos did not admire capitalist entrepreneurs, and its education system emphasized the old, not the new
Why was there no leap in China from a commercial to industrial revolution?
they kept governing class cohesive (united) but made the Chinese less creative and imaginative due to emphasis on rote memory, narrowing the scope of Chinese education
What were the positives and negatives of the Confucian exams?
Chinese thought they did not need foreigners because Chinese convinced of their superiority
Describe the Ming attitude towards foreigners.
these were huge government-sponsored naval fleets went to east India, Africa. Ming rulers suddenly halted them in the 1400s
They admired Chinese culture and education but rejected Chinese military control and resented China's upper class superiority attitude
Describe Vietnam's love-hate relationship with China.
It ruled Vietnam for 1000 years
What was China's influence on Vietnam?
It made two anti-Chinese sisters into national heroes. It became a sovereign nation after its successful revolt against China during the T'ang Dynasty, although it had to be a tributary state of China to keep the peace
Describe the anti-China Vietnamese resistance.
Guerilla warfare that repelled the Mongols from Vietnam
What was the Vietnamese response to the Mongols?
It led to rice exports, rubber plantation output, but decline of economic lot of Vietnamese villagers, and strong nationalism among newly educated Vietnamese
List positives and negatives of French rule of Vietnam.
Exploitive French rule, which generated prosperity for only a small group of foreigners and natives
What inspired strong Vietnamese nationalism?