art history mid term q&a

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Marc Chagall's self-portrait I and the Village can best be described as a depiction of ____.

fantasy

African-American artist Faith Ringgold records the story of her life and dreams on a Harlem rooftop. Her painted memories are depicted within the framework of a(n) ____.

patchwork quilt

Examining a work of art in its historical, social, and political ____ enables you to better understand it.

context

What civilization was obsessed with its idea of beauty, and developed mathematical formulas for sculpting the human body so it would achieve ideal perfection?

Classical Greeks

Until modern times, art works have been primarily devoted to ____ themes.

religious

In art, a ____ is usually defined as a moving dot and is both the simplest and most complex of the visual elements.

line

Art works that utilize closely related families of color seem ____.

harmonious and soothing

The edges formed by the flesh and muscle in Edward Weston's Knees are best described as ____.

contour lines

In Martina Lopez' Heirs Come to Pass, 3, the primary technique used to create the illusion of depth is ____.

relative size

Using their signature combination of the body and braided hair, the Gerlovins created a modern revision of ____, one of the most popular themes of the Renaissance.

Madonna and Child

Light against dark or dark against light create visual differences in ____.

value

Andy Warhol's grid-based composition, Ethel Scull Thirty-Six Times, exhibits ____ due to the multidimensional and varied views of Scull's personality and expressions.

variety within unity

Content can be a powerful focal point in a work of art. In Edgar Degas' Woman Leaning near a Vase of Flowers, the focal point of the composition is the ____.

daydreaming woman

According to Polykleitos, the head of an ideal human body should be ____ of the total height of the body.

one eighth

Variations such as the use of complementary colors and the hazy double of the clear, detailed face of the dog contribute to make William Wegman's Ethiopia an example of ____.

approximate symmetry

When artists focus on the unity of ideas and meaning in their work rather than the visual and compositional elements, they are pursuing ____.

conceptual unity

____ refers to a distinctive handling of elements and media associated with the work of an individual artist, a school or movement, or a specific culture or period.

Style

The main narrative or subject matter of Barbara Kruger's Untitled: We Don't Need Another Hero is ____.

gender ideology

Jacques Louis-David was first the court painter to King Louis XVI, but by a twist of fate ended up as painter to ____.

Napoleon Bonaparte

The setting of Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec's The Two Girlfriends takes place in ____.

turn-of-the-century Paris

____ is both a very realistic portrait of rural life in America and an icon of American art due to its many commercial reproductions on cereal boxes, greeting cards, posters, and the like.

Grant Wood's American Gothic

In expressionistic art, the artist intentionally distorts colors and forms in the composition in order to achieve a(n) ____.

heightened emotional impact

From the Latin for "blood," ____ is the name associated with an earthy red chalk color.

sanguine

The oldest known type of ink is India or China ink, made from a solution of ____.

carbon black and water

In its original meaning, a ____ was a full-scale preliminary drawing executed on paper for projects such as frescoes, stained glass, oil paintings, or tapestries.

cartoon

Michelangelo's Studies for the Libyan Sybil is a good example of a drawing that was meant to be used ____.

as a preparatory study for another project

Claudio Bravo's Package is an excellently executed trompe l'oeil drawing that presents the illusion of a package wrapped in ____.

crumpled brown paper and string

The transition to oil paint in the 14th and 15th centuries was gradual. For many years, it was only used for ____ in order to give the paintings a high sheen.

glazing

____ is a mixture of pigment and a synthetic resin vehicle that can be thinned with water.

Acrylic

The fluidity and portability of watercolor has often lent itself to____.

rapid sketches and preparatory studies

Ralph Going's Rock Ola is a contradiction of what we normally consider when we think of a watercolor on paper because the work is considered to be ____.

Photorealism

The ancient Egyptians and Greeks tinted their sculptures with ____ to give them a lifelike appearance.

encaustic

The popularity of relief printing declined with the introduction of the ____ process, which did not appear until the 15th century.

intaglio

Aquatint is frequently used along with line etching to mimic the effects produced by ____.

wash drawings

The 20th-century American abstract artist Josef Albers created Solo V, an inkless intaglio technique known as ____.

gauffrage

Serigraphy, or silkscreen, was first developed for use as a(n) ____ medium, a fitting medium because Pop artist ____ used it to create Four Multi-colored Marilyns.

commercial; Andy Warhol

The female image in Red Coat by Alex Katz is most reminiscent of a ____.

supermodel icon

Which of the following photographers is not known also for his or her work in other artistic media?

James VanDerZee

Dara Birnbaum's multimedia installation PM Magazine appropriated images from the network show of the same title in an effort to focus on ____.

the exploitation of women

Robert Lazzarini's computer altered study for Payphone is intended to ____.

compel the viewer to take a new look at the familiar

In both the camera and the ____, light enters a narrow opening and is projected onto a photosensitive surface.

human eye

A(n) ____ magnifies faraway objects and collapses the spaces between ordinarily distant objects.

telephoto lens

Michelangelo's The Cross-Legged Captive is an example of ____ sculpture.

subtractive

In recent years, artists have produced ____ sculptures by welding, riveting, and soldering.

direct-metal

Claes Oldenburg's Soft Toilet elevates an everyday object to a work of art and forces us to rethink its function in society. This is an example of ____.

Pop art

Made from the seat and handlebars of an old bicycle, ____ is probably the best known assemblage of all time.

Picasso's Bull Head

The American sculptor ____ was one of the early pioneers of the ____, the first form of art that made motion a basic element.

Calder; mobile

One of the most beloved public sculptures in America is Emma Stebbins' Angel of the Waters, located ____.

in New York's Central Park

Which of the following is central to Peter Eisenman's Holocaust Memorial in Berlin?

a sense of loss and absence

Goldsworthy's Storm King Wall snakes through fields and around trees, ____ and reappears to continue along the landscape.

dips into a pond

In Robert Smithson's Yucatan Mirror Displacements, the mirrors transform the environment by interrupting the ____.

natural setting

Which artist used their body as a building site for miniature dwellings for the work entitled Landscape-Body-Dwelling?

Charles Simonds

Originally a derisive term, ____ uses mass produced, light, easily handled cuts of wood and metal nails for the assembly of millions of homes and small buildings on site.

balloon framing

The original idea for reinforced concrete began in the 1860s with Jacques Monier, who proposed strengthening concrete ____ with wire mesh.

flowerpots

Which of the following structures did Tokyo architect Shigeru Ban not design?

Pod House

____ designed a type of shell architecture for the American Pavilion at Expo 67 in Montreal known as the ____.

Buckminster Fuller; geodesic dome

The Incan fortress of Machu Picchu is considered to be ____ construction, as it was built without any mortar.

dry masonry

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