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Name the inner planets...

Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars

What is the criteria needed for an object to be considered a planet? Why is Pluto not a planet?

1. Needs to orbit Sun 2. Needs to have enough gravity to pull itself into a spherical shape 3. needs to dominate its neighborhood.

Pluto does not dominate its neighborhood, meaning it does not consume objects that are nearby like the other planets do.

If we did not have a magnetic field, what would happen to the earth?

The solar winds would blast our planet, evaporating the water and making earth unlivable like Mars.

Venus is also known as

Earth's sister planet ; Earth's twin

This planet is composed mainly of methane giving it its blue color

Neptune

Who discovered Uranus and when?

William Herchel in 1781

Neptune has _____ rings.

5; 3 of which are considered the main rings.

Which planet has the hottest temperatures in our solar system?

Venus

The largest moon in the solar system is

Ganymede

Which planet is the farthest from the sun?

Neptune

Saturn's atmosphere is mostly composed of

Hydrogen

What is the Kuiper Belt? Where is it located?

A place where comets exist. It is a region outside the orbit of Neptune.

Neptune gives off more heat than it receives from the sun because

it has its own heat source

Where is Earth's magnetic field generated from?

The core

Mars' two moons are

Phobos and Deimos

Which is the 7th planet from the sun?

Uranus

The largest planet in our solar system is

Jupiter

Earth's atmosphere is mostly made up of

Nitrogen

Which planet is the 3rd planet from the sun?

Earth

Which planet is tilted almost on its side?

Uranus

How many days does it take Mercury to orbit the sun?

88 earth days

How many moons does Saturn have?

62

What is rotation?

the spinning motion of a body on its axis

Which planet is the 2nd closest to the sun?

Venus

What is the name of the largest mountain/volcano in our solar system?

Olympus Mons

Where did Earth get all the water it has today?

Blizzard of Asteroids and comets came flying into the inner solar system and hit earth bringing water in the form of ice with them. They brought just the right amount.

Neptune's largest moon is called

Triton

What is revolution?

the elliptical motion of a body as it orbits another body in space.

The moon Miranda orbits which planet?

Uranus

This planet has the biggest range in surface temperatures.

Mercury

Sulfuric Acid clouds can be found on this planet.

Venus

What two factors enable Earth to support life?

1. Formed at just the right distance from the sun. 2. We have water.

Terrestial planet closest to the sun

Mercury

What characteristics do outer planets share?

They are large, don't have any known solid surfaces, have multiple moons

Which planet is the largest volcano located in the solar system?

Mars

Which planet is the 6th planet from the sun?

Saturn

Name the Jovian Planets

Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Mars

This planet is named after the Greek/Roman god of War

Mars

Planet gives off more heat than it receives from the sun

Jupiter, Neptune, Saturn

Gas giant furthest away from sun.

Neptune

What is the name of the largest basin on Mercury?

Caloris Basin

This planet is the only planet besides Earth with some form of water.

Mars

How many Earths can fit into Jupiter?

1,321

How many moons does Neptune have?

13

Like Jupiter, these planets are mostly composed of hydrogen and helium .

Saturn, Uranus, Neptune

This planet is about 15 times more massive than Earth

Uranus

Which planet(s) do not have any moons?

Mercury, Venus

Which planet is the 4th planet from the sun?

Mars

Scientists believe that the Earth's core is made of

iron

This planet has the densest atmosphere of all the inner planets.

Venus

Where is the Great Red Spot located?

Jupiter

This planet has the thinnest atmosphere.

Mars

What characteristics do inner planets share?

They are small, rocky, and dense.

Which planet is the 5th planet from the sun?

Jupiter

The sun rises in the west and sets in the east on this planet.

Venus

Where is the Great Dark Spot located?

Neptune

This planet's atmosphere contains belts of highly visible clouds.

Jupiter, Neptune

Name the planets in order (closest to the sun to farthest)

Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, & Neptune.

What does the Earth's Magnetic Field protect us from?

Solar Winds

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