Athens- Chapter 2 and 3

19 terms by rhsdancingangel 

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Sacred Gate

outlet for stream, access from Athens to all parts of Greece

Themistocles

architect who built of Navy and harbors

Triremes

Athens finest military technology

Attic feet

unit of Measurement metras/feet

Long Walls

walls built around athens, connect athens to piraeus

Democracy

all citizens voted by the the ekklesia

Agora

marketplace, main center of city

Monarchy

Government by a single, sovereign ruler.

Oligarchy

aristocratic rule

Archon

3 were selected every 10 years- 1 for religious dutys, 1 for leading war, 1 for court

Solon

the Greek statesman and poet Solon (active 594 B.C.) formulated an influential code of laws and has been regarded as the founder of Athenian democracy

Tyranny

cruel and unjust use of power

Cleisthenes

divided Athens into 10 new tribes - ostracism

Ekklesia

the asssembly of at ( and at least 6000) citizens to vote on exiling certain people

Herms

rectangular collum with head of Hermes

Scapegoat

person or object took blame for crimes against religion when the vialater was unknown

Jury

picked randomly - always an odd number

Socrates

ancient Athenian philosopher

democracy

a political system in which the supreme power lies in a body of citizens who can elect people to represent them

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