Hondros Med Term CH 1-4

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Med Term CH 1-4 review

cardi

heart

-logy

the study of

pneumon-

lung or air

thorax

chest

dermat

skin

pulmon

lung

-ary

pertaining to

-ia

a condition of

-ation

a process

pre-

before

post-

after

peri-

around

epi-

above

hypo-

below

lateral

sides of body

natal

time of birth

gastric

stomach

micro-

small

macro-

large

cyte

red blood cell

-logist

one who studies; specialist

my/o

muscle

-al

pertaining to

-pathy

disease

plural for -a

-ae

plural for -is

-es

plural for -on

-a

plural for -um

-a

-tens

pressure

-ion

action, condition

IV

intravenous

AMI

acute myocardial infraction

CXR

chest x-ray

ECG/EKG

electrocardiogram

supine

lying on the back with palms up

prone

lying on belly with palms facing floor

superior (cephalic)

situated above, head

interior (caudal)

situated below, tail

proximal

vertically situated nearest center of the body

distal

vertically situated away from the center of the body

medial

toward middle of body

lateral

situated at side of structure

anterior (ventral)

situated in front, belly

posterior (dorsal)

situated in back

transverse (horizontal)

superior and inferior portions

sagittal

left and right portions

mid sagittal/median

equal left and right portions

frontal (coronal)

anterior and posterior portions

body is composed of

cells, organelles, tissues, organs, and organ systems

zygote

single, fertilizes cell and the beginning of a human being. origin of every cell in the body

cyto-

cell

fertiliz

to make fruitful

primary tissue groups

connective, epithelial, muscle, nervous

connective tissue's function

bind, support, protect, fill spaces and store fat

epithelial tissue's function

protect, secrete, absorb, and excrete

muscle tissue function

control movement, stabilize and allow movement of joints

nervous tissue function

transmit impulses for coordination, sensory reception, and monitor actions

cartilage

nonvascular, firm connective tissue found mostly in joints; has a rubbery, flexible substance

ligament

strips or bands of tough connective tissue that connect two structures

tendon

fibrous band that attaches muscle to the bone

the muscular systems function

cause movements, maintain posture, and produce body heat

skeletal system function

provides framework, protects soft tissues, provides attachments for muscles, produces blood cells, and stores inorganic salts

cardiovascular system contains

heart and blood vessels

cardiovascular system function

moves blood and transports substances throughout the body

digestive system contains

mouth, tongue, teeth, salivary glands, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, and small & large intestine

digestive system function

receives, breaks down, and absorbs food. Also eliminates unabsorbed material

Homeo-

the same

-stasis

standstill, control

Homeostasis

maintaining the stability of a system or the body's internal environment

vasodilation

blood vessel; widen, open up; action

vasoconstriction

blood vessel; narrow; action

epidermis

above; skin

-dermis

skin

adipose

fat; full of

skin

largest and most vulnerable organ in the body

-ic

pertaining to

cutane-

skin

-ous

pertaining to

keratin

hard protein

melanin

black pigment

-in

substance

intra-

within

IV route

15* angle

insulin

45* angle

trans-

access; through

an-

without

-alges

sensation of pain

-itis

inflamation

pruritus

itching

excoriate

to scratch

excoriation

scratch marks

malign

harmful

-oma

tumor; mass

decubitus ulcer

pressure sore

dormant

inactive

tenia pedis

athlete's foot

tinea capitis

ringworm

tinea corporis

ringworm of body and hands

tinea cruris

jock itch

tinea versicolor

trunk of body

Candida albicans

thrush

methicillin-resistant staphylococcus aureus

MRSA

myc-

fungal

paronychia

staff

onych-

nail

-osis

condition

par-

along side

auto-

self, same

-graft

transplant

homo-

same or alike

allo-

other

xeno-

foreign

hetero-

different

blepharo-

eye lid

-plasty

surgical repair

-myel

bone marrow

osteoporo-

bone; opening

-sis

condition

-penia

deficient

-malacia

abnormal softness

sarc-

flesh

cervic-

neck

sacr-

sacrum

inter-

between

kyph-

bent, humpback

scoli-

crooked

lord-

curve, swayback

pariet-

wall

occipit-

back of head

tempor-

time

sphen-

wedge

ethm-

sieve

-oid

resemble

meta-

after

elium

small intestine

ilium

pelvic girdle

ischium

hip

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