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Brain Disorders

Coma

Prolonged period of unconsciousness resulting from a disruption of the Reticular Formation within the Brain Stem

Amytrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)

o A degenerative motor neuron disease causing muscular atrophy & weakness
o Usually strikes later in life (50's)

Multiple Sclerosis (MS)

A chronic slowly progressive disease of the central nervous system characterized by demyilinate patches called plaques.
Etiology is unknown

Dementia

An umbrella term for a group of pathological conditions characterized by progressive deterioration in several cognitive domains resulting from diffuse brain damage

Parkinsonism

A form of subcortical Dementia that is characterized by rigidity, slowness, mask-like faces, shuffling gait associated with degeneration of the Substantia Nigra in the Midbrain

Alzheimer's Disease

A form of Cortical Dementia due to atrophy of the Frontal and Temporal-Parietal lobes of the brain resulting in progressive, irreversible loss of memory, intellectual functions, apathy, speech and gait, disturbances and disorientation.

Alzheimer's Disease may be caused by

Changes in filament-like fibers (Neurofibrils) within neurons and the deposition of a particular substance known as "senile plaques"

Multi-infarct Dementia

A term used to describe a disease state characterized by dementia resulting from small infarctions (dead brain tissue) in persons with artery obstruction

Encephalitis

o Inflammation of the brain caused by a virus or metal poisoning
o May be transmitted through insect bites

Aphasia

An acquired impairment of language processes underlying receptive and/or expressive modalities caused by focal brain damage to areas of the brain primarily responsible for language function due usually to a Cerebral Vascular Accident

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Focal and/or diffuse damage to the brain caused by head trauma

Epilepsy

A recurrent disorder of cerebral function characterized by sudden attacks of altered consciousness & motor activity possibly due to microscopic lesions throughout the brain

Senescence

Not a disorder but rather the process of growing old including mental and physical weakness which accompanies the aging process

Prolonged period of unconsciousness resulting from a disruption of the Reticular Formation within the Brain Stem

Coma

A degenerative motor neuron disease causing muscular atrophy & weakness. Usually strikes later in life (50's)

Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)

A chronic slowly progressive disease of the central nervous system characterized by demyilinate patches called plaques.
Etiology is unknown

Multiple Sclerosis

An umbrella term for a group of pathological conditions characterized by progressive deterioration in several cognitive domains resulting from diffuse brain damage

Dementia

A form of subcortical Dementia that is characterized by rigidity, slowness, mask-like faces, shuffling gait associated with degeneration of the Substantia Nigra in the Midbrain

Parkinsonism

A form of Cortical Dementia due to atrophy of the Frontal and Temporal-Parietal lobes of the brain resulting in progressive, irreversible loss of memory, intellectual functions, apathy, speech and gait, disturbances and disorientation.

Alzheimer's Disease

What causes changes in filament-like fibers (Neurofibrils) within neurons and the deposition of a particular substance known as "senile plaques"?

Alzheimer's Disease

A term used to describe a disease state characterized by dementia resulting from small infarctions (dead brain tissue) in persons with artery obstruction

Multi-infarct Dementia

Inflammation of the brain caused by a virus or metal poisoning. May be transmitted through insect bites

Encephalitis

An acquired impairment of language processes underlying receptive and/or expressive modalities caused by focal brain damage to areas of the brain primarily responsible for language function due usually to a Cerebral Vascular Accident

Aphasia

Focal and/or diffuse damage to the brain caused by head trauma

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

A recurrent disorder of cerebral function characterized by sudden attacks of altered consciousness & motor activity possibly due to microscopic lesions throughout the brain

Epilepsy

Not a disorder but rather the process of growing old including mental and physical weakness which accompanies the aging process

Senescence

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