5 Written Questions
5 Matching Questions
- bathos (noun)
- mock heroic
- a positioning side-by-side or close together mismatching elements, something resulting in comic incongruity
- b exaggeration and distortion of a literary epic and its style; elevating the trivial to a level higher than it deserves
- c the person created by the author to tell a story. Whether the story is told by an omniscient narrator or by a character in it, the actual author of the work often distances himself from what is said or told by adopting a persona--a personality different from his real one. Thus, the attitudes, beliefs, and degree of understanding expressed by the narrator may not be the same as those of the actual author. Some authors, for example, use narrators who are not very bright in order to create irony.
- d a figure of speech that combines apparently contradictory or incongruous ideas
- e a lapse into the ridiculous by a writer aiming at elevated expression; overly sentimental; ex. if the intent is to provoke tears but the response is laughter. oftentimes, there is a sudden change in writing from an important subject to one that is silly or ordinary; an insincere appeal to pathos
5 Multiple Choice Questions
- a double meaning; verbal irony - a discrepancy between what is said and what is really meant (sarcasm); situational irony - what actually happens is opposite of what is expected or appropriate; dramatic irony - the audience or reader knows something important that a character does not know
- a figure of speech with strongly contrasting words or phrases; a contrast of ideas expressed in a grammatically balanced statement
- a method of argument, which carries to an extreme, but logical conclusion, some general idea in order to show its falsity. For example: The more sleep one gets the healthier one is. Therefore, someone who has a sleeping sickness and sleeps for months or someone in a coma is really in the best of health.
- a composition which derives its humor from an exaggerated imitation of a more serious work; a parody that ridicules a serious literary work by treating its solemn subject in an undignified style or by applying its elevated style to a trivial subject (mock-epic) - a person's actions may be burlesqued. Example: a King speaking like an idiot.
- a figure of speech in which a spoken phrase is devised to be understood in either of two ways. Often the first (the more obvious) meaning is straightforward, while the second meaning is less so, often risqué, inappropriate, or ironic.
5 True/False Questions
litotes → an ironic understatement in which affirmative is expressed by negating the opposite. Example: Einstein is not a bad mathematician.
caricature → harsh or bitter derision or irony; a sharply ironical taunt; sneering or cutting remark
paradox → a statement which, because of its contradictory nature, seems absurd, but which really is well founded
wit → a double meaning; verbal irony - a discrepancy between what is said and what is really meant (sarcasm); situational irony - what actually happens is opposite of what is expected or appropriate; dramatic irony - the audience or reader knows something important that a character does not know
euphemism → avoiding the description of something outrageous by cloaking it in sheltered terms; an understatement often involved.