Core Concepts

Created by kateyo90 

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48 terms · Chapters 8 & 12

peps

digestion

glyc

glucose (sugar)

dips

thirst

crin

to secrete

thyn

thymus gland

-ism

state of

adrenal

adrenal gland

thyroid

thyroid gland

ile

ileum

hepat

liver

enter

intestines (usually the small intestine)

esophag

esophagus

sigmoid

sigmoid colon

rect

rectum

col; colon

colon (usually the large intestines)

lapar

abdomen (abdominal cavity or abdominal wall)

phag

swallowing; eating

duoden

duodenum

jejun

jejunum

lingu

tongue

gloss

tongue

abdomin

abdomen (abdominal cavity or abdominal wall)

pancreat

pancreas

gingiv

gums

proct

rectum

gastr

stomach

or

mouth

-algia

pain

append; appendic

appendix

chol

gall; bile

Crohn's disease

chronic inflammation of the intestinal tract usually affecting the ileum and characterized by cobblestone ulcerations and the formation of scar tissue that may lead to intestinal obstruction

diarrhea

abnormally frequent discharge of partially solid or fluid fecal matter

endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP)

radiographic examination of the billiary tract and pancreatic ducts with contrast media, fluoroscopy, and endoscopy

gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD)

disorder characterized by the abnormal backward flow of the gastrointestinal contents into the esophagus

hemorrhoid

varicose vein in the rectal area, which may be internal or external

hernia

protrusion of an organ through a membrane or a cavity wall

peptic ulcer

eroded area of the muccous membrane of the stomach or duodenum associated with increased secretion of acid from the stomach

polyp

tumorlike growth extending outward from the mucous membrane

ulcerative colitis

a disease characterized by inflammation of the colon with the formation of ulcers

upper GI series (UGI series)

a diagnostic procedure in which a series of radiographic images are taken of the stomach and duodenum after the contrast agent barium has been swallowed (also called a barium swallow)

EGD

esophagogastroduodenoscopy ---> a visual examination of the esophagus, stomach, and duodenum

ERCP

endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography ---> radiographic examination of the biliary tract and pancreatic ducts with contrast media, fluoroscopy, and endoscopy

BE

Barium Enema ---> series of radiographic images taken of the large intestines after a contrast agent has been administered rectally

GERD

gastroesophogeal reflux disease ---> abnormal backflow of the gastrointestinal contents into the esophagus

islets of Langerhans

clusters of endocrine tissue found throughout the pancreas made up of different cell types that secrete the hormone insulin

adrenal gland

gland that secretes adrenaline, one of which is located above each kidney

hormone

a chemical substance secreted by an endocrine gland that is carried by the blood to a target tissue

metabolism

sum total of all the chemical processes that take place in each living organism

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