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latitude

Distance North or South of the equator

altitude (elevation)

Height above sea level

if coming from oceans can bring considerable moisture to an area

How do prevailing winds affect climate?

0

What is the latitude at the equator?

90 north

What is the latitude at the North Pole?

90 south

What is the latitude at the South Pole?

Mountains act as a barrier to prevailing winds and create a wet, lush side of a mountain range and a dry opposite side of the mountain range

How do mountains ranges affect climate?

The higher the altitude the cooler the temperature.

How does altitude affect climate?

Ocean currents can bring moisture to a region and help moderate coastal climates

How do ocean currents affect climate?

66.5 °N or 66.5°S to the pole

What is the latitude range of the polar zone?

23.5°N and S to 66.6°N and S

What is the latitude range of the temperate zone?

23.5°S to 23.5°N

What is the latitude range of the tropical zone?

monsoon

A sea and land breeze over a large region that
changes direction with the season and carries tremendous moisture in the
summer season

Warm air rises because it is less dense, cold air sinks because it is more dense

Explain why warm air rises and cold air sinks.

In the summer the Northern hemisphere receives direct sunlight and has longer hours of daylight

Explain what causes summer in the Northern hemisphere?

winter

When do the polar regions have almost 24 hours of darkness?

summer

When do the polar regions have almost 24 hours of daylight?

The equinoxes occur in March and September

When are the equinoxes

the time of year when the earth's axis is not pointed toward or away from the sun

what causes equinoxes

As altitude increases, temperature decreases because the atmosphere is less dense.

How does altitude/elevation affect temperature?

As elevation increases, the density of the atmosphere decreases.

How does elevation affect the density of the atmosphere?

latitude

What factor determines the amount of solar energy an area receives?

climate

The average, year-after-year conditions of temperature, precipitation,
winds, and cloud in an area are known as

Areas located far inland from an ocean

Where in the US do you find a continental climate?

Temperature and precipitation

What are the two main factors that are used to classify climates?

Temperature and precipitation and vegetation

Köppen's climate system classifies climates by what 3 factors?

temperate

The climate zone lying between 23.5° and 66.5° north and south latitude
is called the ______________ zone

windward

what side gets the prevailing winds carrying moisture from the ocean
and receives a great deal of moisture.

leeward

When the wind crosses over to the
what side of the mountain, the air is much drier and receives
little precipitation.

Windward side gets the prevailing winds carrying moisture from the ocean and receives a great deal of moisture. When the wind crosses over to the other (leeward) side of the mountain, the air is much drier and receives little precipitation.

What is the difference between the leeward and windward side of a
mountain (think in terms of precipitation)?

Less than 25 cm a year

How much precipitation do deserts receive a year?

permafrost

Permanently frozen layer of soil in the tundra

leeward

The land on the ________ side of a mountain range is in a rain
shadow.

altitude

Because of its high _______, Mount Kilimanjaro has a cool climate all year.

northern

The ___________ Hemisphere receives fewer direct rays from the sun in January than in July.

tilted

Because Earth's axis is _______, the hemispheres receive
different amounts of solar energy at different times.

highlands

A cool type of climate called ________ is found at
the tops of mountains and is surrounded by other climate regions.

polar

Tundra and ice cap climates are examples of ________
climates.

surface currents

Streams of water called ocean ________ move warm or cold water, warming or cooling the nearby land.

marine west coast climate

top left corner of the US

on windward side of a mountain range at a low pressure belt and on a coast. It will be an area of high precipitation and high heat and humidity. It is also in the tropical zone.

describe bottom left corner of the US on windward side of mountain!

Prevailing winds are dry for one and not for the other

what would cause to isolated points in the US to be a desert, and one not?

steppe or semiarid

Short grasses and low bushes grow in location C. What climate region is
location C?

in the mountains

Which location would have a highland climate?

by coast on top of US in between middle and right corner

Where would you expect to find a climate with short, cool summers
followed by long, bitterly cold winters?

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