Rousseau Study Guide
|What are two species of inequality?||natural or physical inequality and moral and political inequality|
|What qualities distinguish humans from animals|| animal-->nature always operates, instincts and ideas|
humans-->nature always has share, act of liberty to resist or acquire, become a person
|What is human understanding "greatly indebted"||when we covet knowledge because we covet enjoyment and it is impossible to conceive fears from desires|
|Were humans in the primitive stage miserable?||Should be seen as miserable, yet purely having life and existence should take away misery|
|Were there moral relations between humans and the state of nature||First appeared to have happened due to duties, that are good and bad, victor or virtues. Human beings are naturally innocent|
|How does Rousseau critique Hobbes?||Hobbes views as being off and he saw all the flaws in the modern definition of natural right. He did not consider all aspects|
|What "allays the ardor, with which naturally pursues his private welfare?||He is not able to see being suffer that resembles him.|
|Why is pity important in understanding human nature and the state of nature for Rousseau||It as seen as another create suffering. It prevents the state of nature from being horrible.|
|what is the relationship between the state of nature and inequality among humans||It is almost imperceptible and has very little influence.|
|Describe the founding of society in Rousseau theory||Society is a development that occurs because of creation. |
Private property allows for people to claim their land.
It leads for desire for honor and recognition.
It does allow for inequality and vices and corruptions.
Leads to jealousy and independence .
Shows a positive benefit for refinement, development and industry.
|What is the first step toward inequality and at the same time towards vice||Jealousy, that kindles with love, discards triumph and the genteelest of passions require sacrifices of humans blood to apprise it.|
|What ways did the rise of society require different qualities in humans than the state of nature||Because of patents, it developed differently allowing a mean between the indolence of primitive state with self love.|
|The development of what two arts "civilized" humans||Iron and corn.|
|What were the first effects of property||Created competition so a flow was created|
|what was the origin of society and laws||It destroyed natural liberty, fixed the laws of property and inequality and changed an irrevocable title. Law was created.|
|What appears "inconsistently true" to Rousseau regarding the origin of government||the corruption of the government brings back the law the strongest giving power|
|to what do the various forms of government owe their origin||Merit, ascendent, age|
|how does Rousseau explain the progress of inequality||in different revolutions, by the laws and the rights of property, institutions, and the legal change of power|
|What is the last term of inequality||How we set out. No longer having law, be strong and in a natural state.|