Art 1010

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Islamic art is unlike Western art because it:

Prohibits figural art in religious contexts

In _______ balance, the two sides of a composition on either side of an imaginary vertical dividing line correspond to one another in size, shape, and placement of form.

Symmetrical

The process of printing came to Europe from _______

China

The first World War led to the Russian Revolution, the rise of the Nazi Party, and Fascism, resulting in artistic:

Censorship and repression

A glaze has a silica base that causes it to vitrify during firing; this means the glaze becomes

Glassy

Decorated with stories about Vishnu, _______ is one of the most famous monuments of Cambodia

Angkor Wat

Oriental Poppies is typical in style and content of the artist

Georgia O'Keefe

The term for purity, brilliance, or saturation, of a color is:

Intensity

The first woman to gain widespread notoriety as an artist in the Renaissance was

Sofonisba Anguissola

The Terra Cotta Warriors were found in the tomb of Emperor _______, from whom China takes its name

Qin

Film depends on a phenomenon called _______ in which the human brain retains a visual image for a fraction of a second longer than the human eye records, making everything we see continuous and uninterrupted

Persistence of vision

The goal of graphic design is to

Get us to do something

When an artist places parallel lines closely together to create shade in a drawing, it is referred to as _______.

Hatching

One of Russian filmmaker Sergei Eisenstein's major contributions to film was his skilled use of_______ to heighten the dramatic intensity

Montage

The works of Joseph Beuys, Ana Mendieta, and Guillermo Gomez-Pena are examples of

Performance Art

The fraction that appears in the center of a print below the image is referred to as the _______ number

Edition

Typography

The art of composing printed material from letterforms is called

Totalitarian governments between the wars officially required a socially and politically 'correct' form of art, social realism; its goal was

Retreat from the modern art

Niki de Saint Phalle's works, which she 'killed' with nails, dirt, darts, etc., show the continuing influence of

Dada

In which of the following media does the artist draw an image with a greasy crayon directly on a flat stone slab?

Lithography

Art theories that focus attention on the composition of the work and how earlier works may have influenced it are called

Formalism

The _______ used today is/are similar to drawing media used by prehistoric people

Charcoal

Drawings done with ink thinned with water and executed with a brush are referred to as _______.

Washes

Edward Muybridge is best known for photographing people and animals in:

Motion

Sexual ecstasy as a metaphor for divine love is found in the art of the

Hindus

Engraving, etching and _______ are intaglio processes

Drypoint

_______ is the appearance or condition of oneness in a work of art.

Balance

A preparatory drawing is often called a:

Cartoon

The ancient Sumerians developed the world's first wheel, plow and _______.

Writing System

The _______of Mali are especially noted for their carved wooden antelope figure headdresses.

Bamana

Gothic builders were able to open large areas for windows because of the use of the pointed arch and

Buttresses

The sizing of figures as determined by social rank is called

Hierarchic Scale

The Constructivists declared that the main element in their works was not mass but:

Space

Lithography is a surface or _______ printing process

Planographic

A(n) _______ work of art is one in which an artist is physically involved with the production of the work of art.

Original

One feature that set Gothic architecture apart from Romanesque was the extensive use of

Stained Glass

Events that shook up the world at the beginning of the 20th century included Sigmund Freud's work on the subconscious mind and the invention of:

The airplane

The phenomenon when positive and negative space change places, as seen in M.C. Escher's Sky and Water I woodcut print, is called

Figure ground reversal

To evaluate a work of art properly, we must deal with it in the context of

The society that produced it

The _______ cut is a modern development in relief printing

Linoleum

The Parthenon was designed to honor

Athena

The Hopis and Zunis call the invisible life force spirits _______.

Kachinas

A promoter of environmentalism and social problems, this artist is known primarily for photographs of the natural environment, such as Clearing Winter Storm, Yosemite National Park, California

Ansel Adams

Eugene Delacroix was famous for his painterly qualities, meaning he used paint to:

Define shapes by color

The symbolic meaning of visual signs and imagery is called:

Iconography

Non-Italic typesetting is known as _______ type.

Roman

The Style (De Stijl) was started in the Netherlands, inspired by Cubism, and had as its goal

Universal harmony

Weaving combines and interlaces lengthwise and cross fibers, called

Warp and weft

The Post-Impressionists felt the Impressionists did not allow room for

Personal expression

Repetition of similar elements in a work of art creates the illusion of

Rhythm

Georgia O'Keeffe is well known for both painting and drawing:

Flowers

The rubber-edged tool used in silk-screening is called a(n) _______

Squeegee

The method of creating the illusion of depth on a 2-D surface through the appearance of converging parallel lines and one or more vanishing points is called _______.

Linear Perspective

An illustration is commonly used alongside

Written Material

The Roman aqueduct Pont du Gard is a good example of the _______ method of construction

Arch

One of the advantages of oil paint is its

Slow drying time

A subcategory of constructed sculpture seen in the works of Deborah Butterfield that lets artists use familiar objects in new ways is called

Assemblage

This book illustrates the most respected form of Muslim calligraphy

Koran

Sesshu painted in a style that was called haboku, meaning

Flung ink

A type of painting utilizing plaster as a medium is _______.

fresco

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