Advertisement Upgrade to remove ads

Baroque Period

Baroque Period

1600-1750

End of Baroque Period

1750 - death of Bach

Baroque

Period in Europe when art was gaudy, overly ornate, harsh
*music: strings, keyboard instruments, polyphony

opera seria*

"serious" recitative; acting dialogue ; drama that is sung, a large-scale composition employing vocal soloists, chorus, orchestra, costumes, and scenery ***not religious

aria

song for solo voice expressing an emotional state through its outpouring of melody; found in operas, oratorios, and cantatas *main opera attraction, slow song

recitative

vocal line in an opera, oratorio, or cantata that imitates the rhythms and pitch fluctuations of speech, often serving to lead into an aria *repeated tones, quickly sung

cantata*

Italian/German composition in several movements; usually written for chorus, one or more vocal soloists, and instrumental ensemble ***religious - unorganized operas

oratorio*

English large-scale composition for chorus, vocal soloists, and orchestra, usually set to a narrative text, but without acting, scenery, or costumes ***religious-unorganized operas

Bel Canto

vocal improvisation of a melody adding scales and complexities during instrumental pause

figured bass

composition technique applied under short notice; shortcut in writing harmony *top line is melody; bottom line is bass, no chords, more free-style

concerto*

extended composition for a single instrumental soloist & orchestra; 3 movements: fast, slow, fast *"The Four Seasons"

concerto grosso*

composition for several instrumental solo groups & orchestra; 3 movements: fast, slow, fast

suite*

sets of dance-inspired movements, orchestral, no soloist, same key but differ in tempo, meter, and character
*"Water Music", "Suite No.3 in D Major"

trio sonata*

4 players: keyboardist, 2 soloist, cello
*Baroque composition that has three melodic lines: two high ones, each played by one instrument; and a basso continuo, played by two instruments

terraced dynamics

controlled contrasts of sounds; abrupt alternation between loud and soft dynamic levels **keyboard instrument BACH

ensemble

composition for 3 or more singers

equal temperment

method of compromise in tuning of octaves; adjusting the tones to fit the scale *"The Well Tempered Clavier"

canon - round

layering of music; Bass line->piling of melodies on top of each other, same tones *Canon in D"

fugue

a polyphonic composition based on one main theme:
1)Subject - main theme; in tonic scale
2)Countersubject - different melodic idea appearing with subject
3)Answer - second presentation of theme; in dominant scale - 5 scale steps higher
4)Episodes - transitional sections between presentations of the subjects; lends variety to the composition *Keyboard instrument

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions above and try again

Example:

Reload the page to try again!

Reload

Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

NEW! Voice Recording

Create Set