Art 1010 Final 2

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The Chinese believe that painting is derived from the art of

Calligraphy

An identifying mark or trademark is referred to as a(n) _______.

Logo

One of America's prime contributions to 20th-century architecture was

Skyscraper

Often mosques include one or more _______, which mark the building's location and are used by chanters who ascend and call the faithful to prayer.

Minarets

Which of the following is a type of stencil printing

Serigraphy

According to experts' contemporary theory, Stonehenge was possibly created to

Calculate solar and lunar movements

Opaque watercolor is sometimes called

Gouache

The organization of visual elements in a work of art is referred to as _______.

The Composition

The indigenous religion of Japan is an ancient form of nature and ancestor worship called

Shinto

Site works differ from earthworks in that site works are designed to interact with the environment, whereas earthworks

Merge with the landscape

In filmmaking, each unbroken sequence of movie frames, with the camera still rolling, is called a

Shot

Early burial mounds led to the Indian

Stupa

A _______ is a particular material, along with its accompanying technique

Medium

A very thin, transparent film of color painted over an already-painted surface is called:

Glaze

The first large sculpture since Roman times can be found _______ in Romanesque churches

Over the central doorway

Cooperative events, in which viewers participate with principals in loosely scripted scenarios, are called

happenings

This artist is best known for expanding the traditional limitations of artistic media by incorporating video and electronic media into his/her artwork, as can be seen in Video Flag Z

Nam Jane Paik

Known for their monumental carved heads, the _______ were the earliest known culture to develop in the Gulf Coast of Mexico.

Olmec

Zimbabwe, as in the Great Zimbabwe, means

Stone House

The first Christian churches were patterned after Roman basilicas used by the Romans as

Government Buildings

The Futurists were inspired by Cubism and glorified

Speed

In the Netherlands, the major patrons of such artists as Vermeer and Rembrandt were

The wealthy merchant class

At various stages in the printmaking process, artists make what are called _______ to check on the developing image

proofs

In his search for spiritual truth, Paul Gauguin moved to _______, where he spent the rest of his life

Tahiti

_______ was an early advocate of photography as an art form. He/she opened a gallery in New York City in 1905

Steiglitz

The Crystal Palace by Joseph Paxton is an excellent example of architecture using

Cast Iron

Leonardo da Vinci's technique of blurred edges, called _______, can be seen in his Mona Lisa

Sfumato

Large Reclining Nude is the final result of this artist's long process of planning and rearranging the design of the composition

Henri Matisse

The Hopewell culture built large mounds, such as the Great Serpent Mound in what is now the state of:

Ohio

The head from the _______ culture is one of the oldest surviving examples of sub-Saharan art

Nok

In Nigeria, the Yoruba have a strong tradition of

Wood Carving

Which of the following occurs when equal forms, masses, or elements balance one another?

symmetrical

The architect Frank O. Gehry has the idea that architecture is similar to functional sculpture, as can be seen in his _______.

Guggenheim Museum Bilbao

In the late 1950s, a group of students in Nigeria formed the Zaria Art Society with the goal of expressing

More of their African Identity

The art and science of making objects from clay is called

Ceramics

One of the earliest forms of photographic images was a

Daguerrotype

Because of the 20th century's rapid changes and discoveries, artists searching for new ways to express new realities felt they had to put aside dependence on

The Renaissance

Perhaps because of the pollution caused by the Industrial Revolution, British art in the late 18th- and early 19th-centuries seemed to focus on

Landscape

The term "value," in the sense of art, refers to the

Lightness and darkness of the surfaces

The device invented in the 16th century as a means of capturing and fixing images from the natural world whose name means 'dark room' is

camera obscura

The method of photography that first allowed families in the United States and Europe to collect photos of themselves was

daguerrotype

The New Zealand natives known as _______ used a meeting house for extended family gatherings and rituals

Maoris

The Chicago school of architecture was led by the first great modern American architect

Louis Sullivan

In the photograph Pepper #30, this artist combines awareness, creativity, and communication by encouraging the viewer to look closely at an object

Edward Weston

In The Kiss, the artist Rodin expressed the _______ of love, while the artist Brancusi expressed the _______ of love

Feeling idea

Michelangelo's David has a pose influenced by the sculpture of the ancient

Greeks

The ancient cities of Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro were located in the

Indus Valley

Surrealism attempted to combine dreams with reality states, even though recognizing the two were

Contradictory

In his letters to his brother Theo, Vincent van Gogh expressed his ideas about color as a force to show

emotion

As Minimalism and hard-edge developed, paintings came to be seen as objects themselves, rather than as

Representations of other things

Original prints are produced in quantities called

Limited Editions

In Jan van Eyck's The Marriage of Giovanni Arnolfini and Giovanna Cenami, the woman is wearing green because

It symbolizes money

Edgar Degas' paintings revealed his interest in the candid attitudes found in street photography and the asymmetry of

Japanese Prints

_______universal elements were straight lines, primary colors and rectangles

Piet Mondrain

The word 'Neolithic' means

New Stone

African textiles feature long narrow strips of cloth that are _______ and _______ together to make garments or blankets

woven, sewn

_______ invented the Polaroid camera.

Edwin Land

Art criticism involves making _______, both favorable and unfavorable.

Judgements

The potter's wheel was invented in

Mesopotamia

Mies van der Rohe designed the German Pavilion building and many others, including the Seagram Building in New York City. Influential to the profile of many American city skylines, the works of this artist epitomize

The International Style

Henri Matisse was the leader of which artistic movement?

Fauvism

Early Christian Art was created in private homes and underground burial chambers called

Catacombs

_______ is an excellent example of Gothic architecture

Charles Cathedral

Architecture is the art and science of designing and constructing buildings for practical, aesthetic, and _______ purposes.

Symbolic

Rococo paintings mainly showed:

Life without troubles

Vik Muniz's Atlas (Carlao) was created by arranging_______ on his studio floor, photographing the arrangement, then painting from the photograph.

Garbage

In painting media, the pigment provides

Color

Although not a member of the Surrealists, _______ used their approach in her autobiographical works

Joan Miro

Many Baroque characteristics developed as propaganda for the

Counter Reformation

Porcelain plates made by the Chinese were decorated using _______ because it was the only color that could survive the high heat of the kilns

Blue coloring

Claude Monet's Impression: Sunrise began the movement known as

Impressionism

_______ used photographs to increase public awareness of the beauty of nature in his/her photos of national parks

Adams

Japanese ukiyo-e prints depicted

The everyday world

Most art critics and historians agree that the era of modern art ended in the _____.

1980's

The _______ are known for their skill at building with huge, carefully cut and fitted stones as seen in Machu Picchu

Inca

A(n) _______ drawing must be sprayed with a solution of thinned varnish to keep particles of the medium affixed to the surface

Charcoal

It was Marcel Duchamp who was responsible for bringing motion to

Cubism

Teotihuacan featured temples, such as the Pyramid of the Sun, with decorations of

Feathered Serpents

The result of the process of arranging, selecting and ordering is called the

Design

When sculptors work with soft materials, they often use a(n) _______ to prevent sagging

Armature

The Japanese group Gutai functioned from 1954 to 1972. In their manifesto, they proclaimed

The end of traditional art making

The juxtaposition of strongly dissimilar elements is referred to as _______.

Contrast

An extremely thick application of oil paint is called _______.

Impasto

_______ refers to size relationships between parts of a whole

Proportion

The short lines or feet at the base of type are called _______.

Serifs

Olafur Eliasson's The Weather Project is an excellent example of

Site Specific

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