Chapter 15 Key Terms and People

19 terms by karalamb16 

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Social Reform

An organized attempt to improve what is unjust or imperfect in society.

Debtor

Person who cannot pay money he or she owes.

Temperance Movement

Campaign aganist alcohol consumption

Abolitionist

Person who wanted to end slavery completely in the United States.

Womens Rights Movement

Organized campaign to win property, education and other rights for women.

Transcendentalist

Member of the small, influential group of New England writers and thinkers who believed that the most important truths in life transcened, or went beyond, human reason.

Civil Disobedience

Idea that people have a right to disobey laws they consider to be unjust if their consciences demand it.

Dorothea Dix

A boston school teacher who worked for prison reform to help criminals and the mentally ill.

Horace Mann

The head of the Massachusetts Board of Education who worked for the improvement of public education.

Frederick Douglass

A well-known African American abolitionist who was born into slavery but escaped; published an anti-slavery newspaper, the North Star.

William Lloyd Garrison

An outspoken white abolitionist who wanted slavery ended immediately; he began the influential antislavery newspaper, The Liberator.

Angelina & Sarah Grimke

Daughters of a South Carolina slaveholder who moved to the North to work for abolition and later for woman's rights.

Harriet Tubman

An important conductor of the Underground Railroad who had escaped slavey herself; some called her "Black Moses".

Sojourner Truth

A former slave who spoke out to fight slavery and women's rights;known for her captivating speaking ability.

Lucretia Mott

A Quaker and influential abolitionist who worked for women's rights; helped to organize the Seneca Falls Convention.

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

An influential abolitionist who worked for women's rights, helping to organize the Seneca Falls Convention and later partnering with Susan B. Anthony

Susan B. Anthony

A leader in the women's rights movement who was a tireless speaker.

Elizabeth Blackwell

The first women in the United States to earn a medical degree; helped found the nation's first medical school for women.

Henry David Thoreau

A transcendentalist writer (well known book=Walden) who argued in favor of civil disobedience.

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