shift in grammar structure in a sentence
repitition of last word in one phrase in the beginning of the next phrase; used asthetically or to give sense of chronology/progression
juxtaposition-positive pont next to negative point in order to make either one stand out
reverse order of words (AB-BA) to show contrast
one word irony;•It was a cool 115 degrees in the shade.
emphasis on something by skimming over it;•I will not even mention Houdini's many writings, both on magic and other subjects, nor the tricks he invented, nor his numerous impressive escapes, since I want to concentrate on . . . .
•She's bright, well-read, and personable--to say nothing of her modesty and generosity.
doubt expressed over idea/conclusion;•I am not sure whether to side with those who say that higher taxes reduce inflation or with those who say that higher taxes increase inflation.
abruptly stopping in the middle of a sentence;•I've got to make the team or I'll--.
omission of conjunctions in a list
implied metaphor using words in an unusual way;•"It's a dentured lake," he said, pointing at the dam. "Break a tooth out of that grin and she will spit all the way to Duganville."
•The little old lady turtled along at ten miles per hour.
•She typed the paper machine-gunnedly, without pausing at all.
[reverse parallelism] (a,b;b,a)
repetition of a key word or phrase
repetition surrounding a phrase;•We will do it, I tell you; we will do it.
using an opposing fact to prevent a one-sided argument
reference to specific definition of a word;•To make methanol for twenty-five cents a gallon is impossible; by "impossible" I mean currently beyond our technological capabilities.
•The precipitate should be moved from the filter paper to the crucible quickly--that is, within three minutes.