AP Language and Comp. Rhetoric Notes
|anacoluthon||shift in grammar structure in a sentence|
|anadiplosis||repitition of last word in one phrase in the beginning of the next phrase; used asthetically or to give sense of chronology/progression|
|antanagoge||juxtaposition-positive pont next to negative point in order to make either one stand out|
|antimetabole||reverse order of words (AB-BA) to show contrast|
|antiphrasis||one word irony;•It was a cool 115 degrees in the shade.|
|apophasis||emphasis on something by skimming over it;•I will not even mention Houdini's many writings, both on magic and other subjects, nor the tricks he invented, nor his numerous impressive escapes, since I want to concentrate on . . . .|
•She's bright, well-read, and personable--to say nothing of her modesty and generosity.
|aporia||doubt expressed over idea/conclusion;•I am not sure whether to side with those who say that higher taxes reduce inflation or with those who say that higher taxes increase inflation.|
|aposiopesis||abruptly stopping in the middle of a sentence;•I've got to make the team or I'll--.|
|asyndeton||omission of conjunctions in a list|
|catachresis||implied metaphor using words in an unusual way;•"It's a dentured lake," he said, pointing at the dam. "Break a tooth out of that grin and she will spit all the way to Duganville."|
•The little old lady turtled along at ten miles per hour.
•She typed the paper machine-gunnedly, without pausing at all.
|chiasmus||[reverse parallelism] (a,b;b,a)|
|conduplicatio||repetition of a key word or phrase|
|diacope||repetition surrounding a phrase;•We will do it, I tell you; we will do it.|
|dirimens copulatio||using an opposing fact to prevent a one-sided argument|
|distinctio|| reference to specific definition of a word;•To make methanol for twenty-five cents a gallon is impossible; by "impossible" I mean currently beyond our technological capabilities.|
•The precipitate should be moved from the filter paper to the crucible quickly--that is, within three minutes.