The "living space" that Nazis believed they needed, which justified their plan to expand into Eastern Europe and Russia.
Invasion of Ethiopia
Mussolini wanted revenge on the Ethiopians after Italy being humiliated once before by them. He invaded them and greatly outnumbered and overpowered them. Even though the Ethiopians stood their ground for a time, the Italians, in the end, took Ethiopia. This whole endeavor exposed the weakness of the League of Nations, as they knew about it, but did nothing about it.
Spanish Civil War
A conflict form 1936 to 1939 that resulted in the installation of fascist dictator Francisco Franco as ruler of the Falange party of Spain. Franco's forces were backed by Germany and Italy, whereas the Soviet Union supported the opposing republican forces.
Spanish general who started the revolt which led to the Spanish Civil War. He led the Fascist Falange party. He became the Fascist ruler of Spain after the Spanish Civil War.
Alliance of Germany, Italy, and Japan during World War II.
Union of Austria and Germany that Hitler planned in 1938, violating the Treaty of Versailles.
Prime Minister of Great Britain. Famous for appeasing Hitler at the Munich Conference.
Prime Minister of Britain. A noted British statesman who led Britain throughout most of World War II and along with Roosevelt planned many allied campaigns. He predicted an iron curtain that would separate Communist Europe from the rest of the West.
1938 conference at which European leaders attempted to appease Hitler by turning over the Sudetenland to him in exchange for promise that Germany would not expand Germany's territory any further.
Nazi Soviet Pact
Hitler and Stalin agreed not to attack each other and divided Poland among themselves, but Germany didn't keep true to their word and attacked Stalin later.
"Lighting war", a type of fast-moving warfare used by German forces against Poland n 1939.
Battle of Britain
An aerial battle fought in World War II in 1940 between the German air force, which carried out extensive bombing in Britain, and the British Royal Air Force, which offered successful resistance.
Hitler's air force. He tried to use it to bomb England into submission, but this strategy failed. The RAF (Royal Air Force), though fewer in number, were more maneuverable then German planes. The RAF also had radar, a new electronic device that gave the British enough early warning so they would not be caught by surprise.
Code name for Hitler's surprise Blitzkrieg attack on Soviet Union on June 22, 1941. It was three-pronged, with Leningrad in the North, Moscow in the Center, and Stalingrad in the South. Early on, the Germans dominated, but later the Soviet Union came back and forced Hitler to retreat due to the poor conditions the Germans were fighting in.
Satisfying the demands of a dissatisfied power in an effort to maintain peace and stability
Hitler's name for the new order he established in 1933. The First Reich was considered to have been the Holy Roman Empire from 963 to 1806; the Second Reich was the German Empire from 1871 to 1918; and therefore this Third Reich was simply the continued outgrowth of German history. He claimed the Third Reich would last 1,000 years. In reality it lasted from 1933 to 1945. Hitler assumed the title of the Fuhrer(leader) of the Third Reich.
Battle of Stalingrad
A 1942-1943 battle of World War II, in which German forces were defeated in their attempt to capture the city of Stalingrad in the Soviet Union thanks to harsh winter. This was the turning point of war in Eastern Europe
June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France. The turning point of World War II.
Battle of Bulge
This was Germany's last attempt at success against the Allies during WWII. This was an epic failure and basically served as a way to waste men, supplies, and fuel. The Germans went through Belgium (which was a bad idea because Belgium was a neutral country, and it caused more tension and hostility) to get to the Western Front for this historic offensive battle.
Germany's plan to execute mass numbers of jews during the final stage of the Holocaust. They were sent to extermination camps in which they would be slaughtered in mass numbers and it was the most deadly stage of the Holocaust.
A German politician and Reich Minister of Propaganda in Nazi Germany from 1933 to 1945. As one of Adolf Hitler's closest associates and most devout followers, he was known for his zealous oratory and anti-Semitism. He played a hand in the Kristallnacht attack on the German Jews, which historians consider to be the beginning of the Final Solution, leading towards the Holocaust.
A German puppet government; new French government formed that was pretty much an acceptance of defeat; formed by Petain; it was ruled by the Nazis who were progressively taking over Europe
Handed over France to Hitler and governed as his puppet in the new Vichy government; Pétain was popular because he had been a World War I hero and claimed to be "above" politics.
He handed over 75,000 Jews to the Nazis
Charles de Gaulle
This French general fled from France to London after Germany took over France. In London, he set up a government-in-exile committed to re-conquering France. He went on to organize the Free French military forces that battled the Nazis until France was liberated in 1944.
Anglo-American declaration that stated the countries aims for the outcome of the war. Stated people of every nation should be free to choose their own form of government and live free of fear and want, disarmament, and a permanent system of general security
They were the most important Allied leaders of World War II: Joseph Stalin, Winston Churchill, and Franklin D. Roosevelt.
February, 1945 - Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin met there to make final war plans, arrange the post-war fate of Germany, and discuss the proposal for creation of the United Nations as a successor to the League of Nations. They announced the decision to divide Germany into three post-war zones of occupation, although a fourth zone was later created for France.
The place at which the three allied leaders, Truman, Stalin, and Atlee, met to discuss the distribution of Germany and the ultimatum that they would issue to Japan demanding their immediate surrender.