this civilization stretched from southern Mexcio into northern Central America. This civilization's history ended in mystery perhaps because of warfare, food shortages, famine, or disease
Largest and most powerful Andean empire. Controlled the Pacific coast of South America from Ecuador to Chile from its capital of Cuzco.
a member of the Nahuatl people who established an empire in Mexico that was overthrown by Cortes in 1519
Known as the Henry the Navigator, gathered experts in science, mapmaking, and shipbuilding whose work led to a fleet of ships that explored the coast of west Africa
Italian navigator who discovered the New World in the service of Spain while looking for a route to China (1451-1506)
The exchange of plants, animals, diseases, and technologies between the Americas and the rest of the world following Columbus's voyages.
Vasco da gama
Portuguese explorer. In 1497-1498 he led the first naval expedition from Europe to sail to India, opening an important commercial sea route.
Portuguese navigator who led the Spanish expedition of 1519-1522 that was the first to sail around the world.
Ruthless leader of the conquistadores, Spanish soldiers who invaded and eventually destroyed the Aztec culture.
Spanish 'conqueror' or soldier in the New World. They were searching for the 3-G's: gold, God, and glory.
Powerful Aztec monarch who fell to Spanish conquerors
Spanish explorer who conquered the Incas in what is now Peru and founded the city of Lima (1475-1541)
priviledge given by Spain to Spanish settlers in the Americas which allowed to control the lands and people of a certain territory
French colony in North America, with a capital in Quebec, founded 1608. New France fell to the British in 1763.
a Dutch colony in North America along the Hudson and lower Delaware rivers although the colony centered in New Amsterdam
Atlantic Slave Trade
the buying, transporting, and selling of africans for work in the americas
the route in between the western ports of Africa to the Caribbean and southern U.S. that carried the slave trade