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6th grade History Chapter 11

Greek colonists

Who built the village of Byzantium and they are from Athens?

where the Black Sea flows into the straits of the Bosporus across from Asia Minor

Describe where they built the village Byzantium?

Harbor

Byzantium was a good location for trade because they had a _______ north of the village?

Black Sea

To trade with Asia, people could also travel around the _____?

Aegean & Mediterranean Seas

Where could the Athenians sail west to trade with the Greeks, Romans, and North Africans?

India & China

Where did people travel across land to sell spices & silk?

it's safe & a good place for trading

Why do you think the Athenians moved from Athens to Byzantium?

Topography: has an inland plateau formed by the Taurus & Pontic mountain ranges.
Natural Resources: Large mineral deposits & Oil.

Describe the topography and natural resources of Turkey?

Constantine

Who's the Roman emperor that found the village of Byzantium, and he rebuilt the city?

Constantinople

What did the Roman emperor change the name of the city & it became one of the greatest cities in the world?

it was far away from the wars & invasions among the barbarians in other parts of Europe

Why was Constantine's new city so secure?

barbarian

What's the name Romans gave to nomadic people who did not have the same culture as Rome & did not speak Latin or Greek?

Christianity

What did Constantine use as a unifying force within his kingdom?

persecution

What did Constantine outlaw?

Christian clergy

Constantine gave ______ the same benefits that were enjoyed by pagan priests.

Christian holidays & churches

What did Constantine legalize?

Justinian I

Who was the first great emperor of Byzantium that ruled from 527-565?

General Belisarius

Who was sent to re-conquer the western provinces?

Egypt, Carthage, and Italy

What places did General Belisarius conquer?

Vandals

Who are the barbarian people that ruled the city of Carthage?

Roman empire prospers

What did Justinian believe that could happen through a good system of law?

Tribonia

Who did Justinian hire to simplify the law? (he's a member of the court)

4 years

How long did it take Tribonia to finish the code (law)?

Corpus Juris Civilis OR The Body of Civil Law

What was the new, much shorter law code called?

We know a lot about the Roman law. Some modern countries base their legal system on the law code.

Describe some lasting effects of Tribonia's work?

the Greens & the Blues

What are the sports clubs that almost everyone in Constantinople belonged to?

repaired the city walls

The Greens & the Blues played games, but they also guarded the city & _______?

rioted

What did the Greens & the Blues do when they disagreed with the government?

high taxes; they looted & burned much of the city

What was the cause of the Nika Riots, and what did the club members do?

His wife Theodora wanted to die an empress rather than run; He stayed with her.

Why did Justinian not run for his life during the Nika Riots?

a circus performer

What was Theodora before she married the emperor?

hippodrome

What is a large open-air stadium that Belisarius attacked the Blues & the Greens as they were holding a meeting?

He made Constantinople more beautiful. He built churches, government buildings, public baths & aqueducts.

How did Justinian take advantage of the destruction after the Nika Riots?

Haggia Sophia

What was the most famous structure that Justinian built at this time & the church still stands today?

a Greek cross

What was the church built in the form of?

minarets

What did the Ottoman Turks add, that is four surrounding towers in 1453?

mosaics

What were many of the pictures in the churches, which are pictures made of small stones or pieces of glass set in mortar?

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