Conflict that began when Communist North Korea invaded Non-Communist South Korea. The United Nations (led by the United States) helped South Korea. (1950-1953)
League of Nations
an international organization formed in 1920 (after WWI) to promote cooperation and peace among nations; promoted by President Woodrow Wilson; U.S. never joined
Vladimir Lenin (Russia)
Russian founder of the Bolsheviks and leader of the Russian Revolution and first head of the USSR (1870-1924)
Mao Zedong (China)
Chinese communist leader (1893-1976); leader of the Chinese revolution; founding father of the People's Republic of China
a United States program of economic aid for the reconstruction of Europe (1948-1952); introduced by Secretary of State George G. Marshall
NAFTA (North American Free Trade Agreement)
agreement to gradually eliminate tariffs and other trade barriers among the US, Canada, and Mexico; began on January 1st, 1994
NATO (North Atlantic Treaty Organization)
an alliance made to defend one another if they were attacked by any other country; US, England, France, Canada, Western European countries.
OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries)
an organization of countries formed in 1961 to agree on a common policy for the production and sale of petroleum
Shah Reza Pahlavi (Iran)
the leader of Iran after World War II that was supported by Western government and Western oil companies. He tried to weaken the political influence of religion in Iran by limiting the role of the Islamic legal and academic experts. He was forced to flee from Iran in January 1979.
A territory in the Middle East on the eastern coast of the Mediterranean Sea; became the ancient home of the jews
Rape of Nanjing
Japanese attack on Chinese capital from 1937-1938 when Japanese aggressorts slaughtered 100,000 civilians and raped thousands of women in order to gain control of China
Six Days War
The war where 3 countries attacked Isreal at once (Jordan, Egypt, and Syria); fought between June 5 and 10, 1967; also known as the June War, 1967 Arab-Israeli War, or Third Arab-Israeli War
Josef Stalin (Soviet Union)
Communist leader of Soviet union; didn't like capitalism; "Man of Steel"
Sun Yat-sen (China)
a Chinese revolutionary and first president and founding father of the Republic of China ("Nationalist China"); considered one of the greatest leaders of modern China
The Third Republic of Germany which began Hitler's rule in 1933 and ended with his defeat in 1945
Treaty of Versailles (1919)
In this treaty, Germany was disarmed, stripped of its colonies, forced to admit sole blame for the war, and had to repay the reparation payments of the Allies.
Leon Trotsky/ Lev Davidovich Bronshtein (Russia)
a Russian Marxist revolutionary and theorist, Soviet politician, and the founder and first leader of the Red Army
President Truman's policy of providing economic and military aid to any country threatened by communism or totalitarian ideology; first established in 1947 after Britain no longer could afford to provide anti-communist aid to Greece and Turkey
Union of the Soviet Socialist Republic (USSR)
a constitutionally socialist state that existed in Eurasia between 1922 and 1991
International organization founded in 1945 to promote world peace and cooperation; replaced the League of Nations.
a prolonged war (1954-1975) between the communist armies of North Vietnam who were supported by the Chinese and the non-communist armies of South Vietnam who were supported by the United States
War on Terror
After Sept. 11, 2001, President George W. Bush declared a worldwide "war on terrorism" aimed at defeating international terrorist organizations, destroying terrorist training camps, and bringing terrorists themselves to justice.
treaty signed in 1945 that formed an alliance of the Eastern European countries behind the Iron Curtain; USSR, Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and Romania
Woodrow Wilson (USA)
Promoted League of Nations; President between 1913-1921
WTO (World Trade Organization)
organization through which member nations negotiate trading agreements and resolve disputes about trade policies and practices
World War I
A war between the Allies and the Central Powers from 1914 to 1918; also known as the Great War
World War II
War fought from 1939 to 1945 between the Allies and the Axis, involving most countries in the world. The United States joined the Allies in 1941, helping them to victory.
Young Turks Party
A Turkish revolutionary nationalist reform party, officially known as the Committee of Union and Progress (CUP), whose leaders led a rebellion against the Ottoman sultan and effectively ruled the Ottoman Empire from 1908 until shortly before World War I.