Federal fort in the harbor of Charleston, South Carolina; the confederate attack on the fort marked the start of the Civil War
Robert E Lee
Confederate general who had opposed secession but did not believe the Union should be held together by force
Maryland, Delaware, Kentucky, and Missouri; these slave states stayed in the Union and were crucial to Lincoln's political and military strategy. He feared alienating them with emancipation of slaves and adding them to the Confederate cause.
cotton and cotton-growing considered, in the pre-Civil War South, as a vital commodity, the major factor not only in the economy but also in politics.
the Union (Northern) plan devised by General Winfield Scott to blockade the south and restrict its trade to win the war.
a war measure that isolates some area of importance to the enemy
First Battle of Bullrun
1861- first major battle of the war. South won. Union General was Irvin McDowell
a condition promoting sanitary practices
a shoulder firearm with a long barrel and a rifled bore
new bullet created before the Civil War, led to a high number of casualties during the war
a kind of battleship covered with thick iron plates
Ulysses S. Grant
an American general and the eighteenth President of the United States (1869-1877). He achieved international fame as the leading Union general in the American Civil War.
Battle of Shiloh
Confederate forces suprised union troops & drove them across the Tennesee river; union got backup and won the battle but it was one of the most bloody battles in the civil war
a highly mobile army unit
Seven Day's Battles
An 1862 Civil War battle in which the Confederacy forced the Union to retreat before it could recapture the Southern capital of Richmond
Battle of Antietam
Civil War battle in which the North suceedeed in halting Lee's Confederate forces in Maryland. Was the bloodiest battle of the war resulting in 25,000 casualties